Macedonia naming dispute - Wikipedia
Greek and Macedonian PMs settle on the name Republic of North claim, any relationship to the ancient Greek civilisation of Macedonia. If FYROM's government considers the US to be its “friends”, then the Greek government's relationship is positively cordial. Through its policy in. The latter has no reported connection to ethnic Macedonians. The Christian portion of Greece's.
Controversy and conflict Ancient kingdom of Macedonia c. The modern Greek region of Macedonia approximately corresponds to that of ancient Macedonia.
This province was divided in the 4th century CE into Macedonia Prima "first Macedonia" in the south, encompassing most of the ancient Macedonia, coinciding with most of the modern Greek region of Macedonia, and Macedonia Salutaris "wholesome Macedonia", also called Macedonia Secunda — "second Macedonia" in the north, encompassing partially Dardania and the whole of Paeonia. Thus Macedonia Salutaris encompassed most of the present-day Republic of Macedonia.
This situation lasted, with some modifications, until the Ottoman Empire absorbed the remnants of the eastern Roman Empire in the 15th century. Ottoman Macedonia then became part of Rumeliacontrolled by the Ottoman Empire up to In a revolutionary movement against Ottoman rule began, resulting in the Ilinden Uprising on 2 August St. It split into two wings: After the Ilinden Uprising, the revolutionary movement ceased and opened a space for the Macedonian Struggle: In rivalries resulted in the First Balkan War of —, and the Ottomans lost most of their European lands.
Inthe Second Balkan War began in the aftermath of the division of the Balkans among five entities to have secured control over these territories: Greece, Serbia, Bulgaria, Romania and Montenegro all hitherto recognized. Albaniain conflict with Serbia, Montenegro and Greece, declared its independence instriving for recognition. The outbreak of the First World War allowed Bulgaria to occupy eastern Macedonia and Vardar Macedoniahelping Austria-Hungary defeat the Serbs by the end ofand leading to the opening of the Macedonian front against the Greek part of Macedonia.Greece and Macedonia solve bitter 27-year name row
Bulgaria would maintain control over the area until their capitulation in Septemberat which point the borders reverted with small adjustments to the situation ofand the present-day Republic of Macedonia became part of the Kingdom of Serbs, Croats and Slovenes. This period saw the rise of ideals of a separate Macedonian state in Greece  and the development of nation building  by the League of Communists of Yugoslavia in their third congress in Vienna in Bulgaria as an associate of the Axis powers advanced into the territory of the Republic of Macedonia and the Greek province of Macedonia in On 2 August St.
In the People's Republic of Macedonia was established[ by whom? The issue of the republic's name immediately sparked controversy with Greece over Greek concerns that it presaged a territorial claim on the Greek coastal region of Macedonia see Territorial concerns below. It dropped the "Socialist" from its name a few months before declaring independence from Yugoslavia in September Strong Greek opposition delayed the newly independent republic's accession to the United Nations and its recognition by the European Community EC.
Although the Arbitration Commission of the Peace Conference on the former Yugoslavia declared that the Republic of Macedonia met the conditions set by the EC for international recognition, Greece opposed the international community recognizing the Republic due to a number of objections concerning the country's name, flag and constitution.
Greece & Macedonia: negotiating history doesn’t make it true | openDemocracy
In an effort to block the European Community from recognizing the Republic,  the Greek government persuaded the EC to adopt a common declaration establishing conditions for recognition which included a ban on "territorial claims towards a neighboring Community state, hostile propaganda and the use of a denomination that implies territorial claims". The rally aimed to object to "Macedonia" being a part of the name of then newly established Republic of Macedonia.
In a following major rally in Australiaheld in Melbourne and organised by the Macedonians of the Greek diaspora which has a strong presence there aboutpeople protested. The Greek diaspora also mobilized in the naming controversy. The previous government, led by ultranationalist Nikola Gruevski, who is being tried on graft and wiretapping charges, aggravated Greece by naming the airport and main highway "Alexander the Great" and filling the capital, Skopje, with what Macedonian architect Martin Panovski called "third-rate" statues of Alexander and his parents, Philip and Olympias.
By contrast, the current prime minister, Zoran Zaev, has promised to rename the airport and highway and take down an enormous bronze statue called "Warrior on a Horse" Alexander, of course. In an interview with NPR inwhen he was opposition leader, he said such moves only "create enemies. But a recent poll shows that 59 percent of Greeks reject even the composite name.
The first sign of that came in Thessaloniki last month, where there was another rally drawing a huge crowd. Protesters clad in replicas of the metal breastplates and helmuts ostensibly worn by Alexander's ancient Macedonian army massed around a statue of the conquerer, near a giant banner that read, "There is one Macedonia and it is Greek!
For Two Countries, The Dispute Over Macedonia's Name Is Rooted In National Identity
Greek politicians looking to advance their careers have used this issue to whip up nationalism, says Ioannis Armakolas, a professor specializing in southeastern Europe at the University of Macedonia in Thessaloniki, Greece. But they haven't explained to Greeks that it's actually weakening their country's clout in the Balkans and beyond, he adds.
In AprilMacedonia joined the UN under this name. Greece initially did not recognise the country at all, and imposed a trade embargo on Macedonia. The embargo, which lasted untilwas particularly damaging for the Macedonian economy; as a landlocked country, it is dependent on access to Greek ports. A Interim Accord, in which neither country is mentioned by name, led to a relative normalisation of relations.
The Republic of Macedonia agreed to alter its flag, dropping the Vergina Sun, a symbol found among the tombs of the ancient kings of Macedon and designated by the Greek Parliament in as an official national symbol. Macedonia also made amendments to its constitution, expressly denying any claims on Greek territory.
Greece agreed not to block Macedonian accession to international organisations of which Greece was itself a member, provided that Macedonia would accede under the name of "Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia.
However, the name issue has not been resolved, despite UN mediation. Over countries, including all permanent UN Security Council members except France, have recognised Macedonia under its constitutional name. But this is of little help to Macedonia to achieve its most important foreign policy aims.
Macedonia's dispute with Greece - Macedonia - ESI
As Macedonia would have also agreed to accede as the "Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia", the Greek veto was nothing but a clear breach of the Interim Agreement. The core of the problem is a complete lack of trust. Greece realises that its only leverage to get the Republic of Macedonia to change its constitutional name is to use its position as a member of the EU to block Macedonia's path to EU membership.