Define society and What is the relationship between education and society
Head Quarters of the AMA (GHQ). The Association between Education and Society: The Educational Struggle for Korean Identity in Japan In- duck. Chapter 6 The Interrelationship between Education and Society insight into the relationships between education and society from a global perspective. Many sociologists have observed that there is a strong relationship between education and society. This observation is borne out of the fact that it is not possible.
Society refers to a fairly large group of individuals who have common objectives of life and who co-operate one another for the realization of these objectives. Society means a group of people who depend on one another for the fulfillment of their needs. Society refers to a group of people who live a specific territory, independent of external pressures, for the realization of common interest.
The relationship between education and society can be described in the following lines: Education is a social process which strives for the fulfillment of the desires of society. Education determines its destination in the light of social objectives. The desires of society are the ultimate aims of education. Education formulates such programs which pave the way to the fulfillment of social aspirations.
Education is the representative of social desires.
Education is nothing but a reflection of the needs of society. Society provides a line of action to education: Education cannot decide its objectives by itself. This is the competency of the society to determine the objectives of education. The needs and desires. For the realization of these aims of education, a comprehensive educative process is carried out.
If the society does not exist, there would be no concept of aims of education. This is the Society which determines the ultimate aim of. For the realization of the objectives of education, the educational institutions are established in the society. Education teaches social role: Every society intends to teach the values and traditions of the society so that the, individuals may turn into useful citizens.
Education is held responsible to make the individuals understand the social values so that they may play their social role.
Education is the only means of imparting the social fabrics to the present and future generations. In this regard, education runs the whole structure of society which is necessary for its stability and growth.
The Relationship between Education and Society (7040 Words)
Education maintains social stability: The people lead their lives according to their social values in a stable and prosperous society. Democracy and Aims of Education In a democracy, the aims of education are as under: Development of Democratic Values The success of democracy does not depend upon Legislative buildings and massive structures of Parliament houses, but it rests upon the quality of the citizens devoted to democratic values.
As such, the prime aim of democratic education is to promote in children a sense of devotion to democratic values.
No book teaching can achieve this aim unless children are provided with opportunities to practice democratic norms and standards of behavior.
In fact, a child learns to live democratically by living democratically. Development of Vocational Efficiency For the success of a democratic set-up, economic contentment of citizens is a must.
An indigent and poor person can be a victim of all kinds of allurements, inducements and exploitation by the resourceful and the powerful. Hence, the third aim of democratic education is to develop vocational efficiency in children, so that they are able to become self-reliant and serve the nation as much as possible.
Development of Interests in Children The third aim of democratic education is to develop useful and worthy interests in children. Hence, the famous educationist, Herbart has insisted upon the fullest development of diverse interests.
To achieve this aim, children should be provided with various and varied opportunities to participate in diverse activities and programmes in all fields of human life.
If a large number of worthy interests are developed in children, they will be happy, well- balanced and efficient as citizens. Development of Thinking Power The fourth aim of democratic education is to develop thinking power of children. In fact, children of today are citizens of tomorrow when they will be confronted with all kinds of problems in political, social and economic fields. Education should develop in children the capacity to think clearly and take decisions confidently. Development of Social Outlook Development of social outlook is the sixth important aim of democratic education.
This aim emphasizes upon, the fact that children should be imbued with the sense that they are the integral parts of society, the welfare of which should be their ideal. Not only this, they should learn to live and die for the nation. Education should develop this sense of service and sacrifice making them learns the sacredness of obligations and duties for the welfare of the nation to which they belong. However, knowledge abounds everyday as a result of innovation especially in the field of technology.
Selection and Allocation In the early years, when few were educated, the school only played a smaller role than the family in determining allocation of job and status.
With the increase in schools, the school system has taken over the job of screening and allocating. The school is therefore a mechanism for role allocation in the society. Education as an instrument creditably performs a unique function in human life. It is important to note that education gives skills and perspectives that formal cannot be achieved through other socializing agencies.
For example, habits are learned such as punctuality that may be necessary in a time conscious society. However, it is a truism to emphasize that functional relationship between education and other social systems leads to development in the society. Education is a mechanical tool, a spinner that loosens every knot that refuses to loose.
What is the Relationship between Education and Society?
That is, education plays a prominent role in the life of an individual and the society at large, which must be given to every body in the society. Relationship between Education and Society 8 Complimentary functions We have seen education in particular as a means of cultural transmission from one generation to another. The parents are the first teachers of the child and they still maintain an educative function throughout the early and formative years of the child.
In most of the developing nations of the world, including Nigeria, parents are responsible for sending their children or wards to school. Since these nations are undergoing rapid socioeconomic and political changes, they witness special problems in evolving the appropriate education system, which will be able to produce the adequate manpower needs in all the segments of the society. This means that the child cannot be educated in a vacuum or in isolation.
Therefore, for a child to be educated there must be interaction between him and his physical and social environment. By this we mean that education is the development of personality. It is something which goes on both inside and outside the home and in the school. In other words, education is an activity of the whole community. One important implication of looking at education as the transmitter of cultural values is the fact that education can be influenced by the culture of the society in which it takes place.
For this reason, one may infer that for a child to be educated, he must be influenced by his environment and, in turn, be capable of influencing it. We have noted above that education is a means through which the cultural values of a particular society are transmitted from one generation to another.
Through this process, the society is able to achieve basic social conformity and ensure that its traditional values, beliefs, attitudes and aspirations are maintained and preserved.
Clark observed that a general knowledge and acceptance of the ideals and aims of our society is essential for all its citizens, and it must be achieved through education but in a form, which makes it compatible with freedom. So he reconciles the double purpose by saying that admittedly, the purpose of the educative society may be to make men conformable.
But overmastering that must be the purpose to make men free.
- What is the Relationship between Education and Society?
A society needs a stable and dynamic set of values and a unified purpose. It is when this is ascertained that meaningful economic, political and social programmes can be embarked upon for the overall benefits of the 10 citizens.
To be a fully developed person in such a society, implies full and creative membership of it with powers to change it. Ottaway contended that the transmission of culture still remains a vital function, and is not to be dismissed as merely conservative in the sense of being old-fashioned. He further observed that our children are potentially the society of the future, which still belongs to the non-social community, and education in this respect can be regarded as a socialization of the young.
Education depends on the total way of life of a people in a society.
This suggests that the type of education provided will differ from society to society. Besides, each society has her own norms, values and her own ideal persons who stand our clearly for the younger generations to emulate. Since all these societies are not the same, then it means that a man regarded as a hero in one society because of his contributions to educational development of the society may not be regarded as such in another society where education is not given priority in the scheme of their daily activities.
It, therefore, implies that children had different people to emulate in different societies. Agent of Change It is logical to expect that the type of education given in each society will change from time to time as the society changes. Many writers have argued that education is one of the causes of social 11 change in the society, but another school of thought is of the opinion, that educational change tends to follow other social changes, rather than initiate them.
Relationship between society and education Essay
Ottaway observed that ideas of change originate in the minds of men; often in the mind of a single man. Exceptional individuals invent new techniques and propound new values for their society. These ideas arise from the impact of men on his culture, but do not change the culture until they are shared and transmitted by a social group. In his own submission, Boocock noted that societies undergoing rapid social change or modernization have special problems in adapting the educational system to the manpower needs of the world.
Relationship between society and education Essay Example for Free
They often suffer shortages of persons with special kinds of learning in engineering and other technical fields and may have difficulty in keeping persons with valuable skills once they have completed their education. Hierarchical Order Another area of the relationship between education and society is through the arrangement of the entire society into a hierarchical order that is, through the social structure in which education plays a prominent and significant role in fixing educated individuals into social classes.
Ottaway observed that education is the process of preparing people to fit into this complex social structure and to play particular social roles as members of more than one institutional group. Individuals have to learn to be fathers or 12 mothers, school teachers or civil servants, shopkeepers or priests. They have to learn to keep the law, to understand how they are governed and to be prepared to try and change the social moves when they see that they can be improved.
Preparation for future Education as a social phenomenon is also concerned with the preparation of the child for his future occupation in life. This is one of the main economic functions of education and this is in the interest of both the nation and the individual.