MYTH: Quakers and Shakers are the same thing
Our Annual Trip to the Shaker Village and The difference between Quakers and Shakers. shaker center family dwelling m. The United Society of Believers in Christ's Second Appearing, more commonly known as the Shakers, is a millenarian restorationist Christian sect founded in the 18th century in England. They were initially known as "Shaking Quakers" because of their ecstatic regarding the fall of Adam and Eve and its relationship to sexual intercourse. Quakers (Friends) beliefs are a little hard to quantify, since Friends do not believe in having a fixed Creed or Dogma, but rather in seeking for the leadings of God.
Other occupations include manufacturing of fancy goods, basket making, weaving, printing, and the manufacturing of some small woodenware. The Shakers Acclaimed documentary filmmaker Ken Burns directs this look at the unique religion and the peaceful and productive pastimes the Shakers practice on a daily basis.
In this engrossing exploration of a little-known part of American culture, Burns brings to life the history, politics, and dynamic personalities that made the Shaker phenomenon possible -- and that make it symbolic of all that America is and was. Unless our hitherto unconconscious emotions cease to be our prime motivating factor, we are not capable of reasoned thought in any way other than rationalization for unchecked feelings.
A period of meditation, morning and night, can clear the mind and allow common sense and reason to help. Feelings are a tool, much like reason, and should be double-checked before rushing to assuage them. Check your mind at least a few times a day.
There Are Only Two Shakers Left in the World | Smart News | Smithsonian
Are you sure of why you do what you do? Are there pressures of guilt, fear, or desire beneath your actions? He compared weekly confession to dusting a room weekly, and recommended the performance of meditation and self-examination twice daily: He loses direct-mind ability when he identifies with and participates in this dimension, and tries to manipulate it for his own petulant form of counter-seduction. Both are based on the faulty assumption that one can find a solution by only acting on the level of the problem.
A good economy is not caused by consumer spending, the spending is the result of the good economy. Likewise, the ego is not the cause of our awareness, but the result of it. This is much like the proverbial dog chasing it's tail. We, as ego, see another facet of this ego, and chase it, thinking from ego that we have now found our ego and can finish it off, thus freeing ourselves. This problem gets its start back in our early childhood when some form of outside pressure caused us to forget ourselves, and react.
We reacted to the pressure as if it was more important than us, and thus forgot our home in unmoving awareness.
This change in value and direction was just the start. We then slowly but surely identified with our evolving outer mind, a creature that believes the problem of coming out of ourselves through pressure, and seeking meaning from the same realm as this pressure, could be solved by ever more clever reactions to that pressure.
We became as the pressure wished, formed in its image, and were soon lost in the outer world.
Our Annual Trip to the Shaker Village and The difference between Quakers and Shakers
The inner self, our former identity, was lost, and we took our pressure-formed pattern of experience to outside forces, to be us.
We come to feel we have lost something vague yet important. The mistake of looking to correct our pain from and on the same emotional level as our pain, spins us in an ever more dizzying dance.
These Quaker yearly meetings make up the largest proportion of Quakers in the world today. Some orthodox Quakers in America disliked the move towards evangelical Christianity and saw it as a dilution of Friends' traditional orthodox Christian belief in being inwardly led by the Holy Spirit.
These Friends were led by John Wilbur who was expelled from his yearly meeting in He and his supporters formed their own Conservative Friends Yearly Meeting.
Unitarians, Shakers, and Quakers in North America
They formed a separate body of Friends called Fritchley General Meetingwhich remained distinct and separate from London Yearly Meeting until Similar Christian splits took place in Canada. This statement of faith was agreed to by 95 of the representatives at a meeting of Five Years Meeting Friends; but unexpectedly the Richmond Declaration was not adopted by London Yearly Meeting because a vocal minority, including Edward Grubbopposed it.
The first missionaries were sent to Benares Varanasiin India, in Cleveland Friends went to MombasaKenyaand started what was the most successful Friends' mission.
Theory of evolution[ edit ] Main article: Quakers in science The theory of evolution described by Charles Darwin in On the Origin of Species was opposed by many Quakers in the nineteenth century,  particularly by older evangelical Quakers who dominated the Religious Society of Friends in Great Britain.
These religious leaders were suspicious of Darwin 's theory, and believed that natural selection needed to be supplemented by another process. However, some young Friends such as John Wilhelm Rowntree and Edward Grubb supported Darwin's theories adopting a doctrine of progressive revelation with evolutionary ideas.
Quaker Renaissance[ edit ] In the late 19th century and early 20th century a religious movement known as the Quaker Renaissance movement began within London Yearly Meeting. Young Friends in London Yearly Meeting at this time moved away from evangelicalism and towards liberal Christianity.
These Liberal Friends promoted the theory of evolutionmodern biblical criticismand the social meaning of Jesus Christ's teaching—encouraging Friends to follow the New Testament example of Christ by performing good works. These Quaker men downplayed the evangelical Quaker belief in the atonement of Christ on the Cross at Calvary.
Many Friends became conscientious objectors and some formed the Friends Ambulance Unit with the aim of co-operating with others to build up a new world rather than fighting to destroy the old, and the American Friends Service Committee.
Birmingham, UK had a strong Quaker community during the war. Formation of Friends World Committee for Consultation[ edit ] After the two great wars had brought the different kinds of Quakers closer together, Friends from different yearly meetings—many of whom had served together in the Friends Ambulance Unitand on the American Friends Service Committee and in other relief work—later held several Quaker World Conferences; this subsequently resulted in the creation of a standing body of Friends named Friends World Committee for Consultation.
InOregon Yearly Meeting seceded from Five Years Meetingbringing together several other yearly meetings and scattered monthly meetings.A (very) brief history of Quakers
Inthe Association of Evangelical Friends was formed, with triennial meetings until This practice was bolstered by the movement's firm concept of spiritual equality for men and women. In the early years of Quakerism, George Fox faced resistance in developing and establishing women's meetings.