MFlood: masculinity and homophobia
There was and continues to be a profound connection between misogyny and that form of patriarchy, including its homophobia, is the Roman Catholic Church. Ironically, he uses weapons of patriarchy: sexism and homophobia, instead of scientific evidence, as his rhetorical strategy. He insults their. For femme women in same-sex relationships, the blend of homophobia and misogyny they are subjected to is often based on men believing.
The deepest passion of the Western mind has been to reunite with the ground of its being. And that reunion can now occur on a new and profoundly different level from that of the primordial uncon- scious unity for the long evolution of human consciousness and prepared it to be capable at last of embracing the ground and matrix of its own being freely and consciously.
The telos, the inner direction and goal, of the Western mind has been to reconnect with the cosmic in a mature participation mystique, to surrender itself feely and consciously, in the embrace of a larger unity that preserves human autonomy while also transcending human alienation. Tarnas concludes his great work with the statement that the restless inner development and incessantly masculine ordering of reality characteristic of the Western mind has been gradually leading toward a reconciliation with the lost feminine unity, toward a profound and many leveled marriage of the masculine and the feminine, a triumphant and healing reunion.
Not only has this tradition achieved the fundamental differentiation and autonomy of the human which alone could allow the possibility of such a larger synthesis, it has also painstakingly prepared the way for its own self-transcendence. Moreover, this tradition possesses resources, left behind and cut off by its own Promethean advance, that we have scarcely begun to integrate and that, paradoxically, only the opening to the feminine will enable us to integrate.
Each perspective, masculine and feminine, is here both affirmed and transcended, recognized as part of a larger whole; for each polarity requires the other for its fulfillment. And their synthesis leads to something beyond itself: It brings an unexpected opening to a larger reality that cannot be grasped before it arrives; because this new reality is itself a creative act Tarnas: After so many ages of rejection, destruction and intimidation, a wind of freedom has begun to blow.
I believe it has a teleological purpose in the development of the anima-animus mundi. This presence of a visible gay and lesbian world community, for the first time in the past three thousand years, is an integral part of that dialectic and is another aspect of the recovery of the feminine or, what I prefer to call, the balancing of the masculine and feminine in a new synthesis in the human personality Clearly the dominant dialectic of the masculine archetype in the past with its repression of the feminine has also included the repression of the homosexual.
Rattrey Taylor pointed out, the patriarchal cultures combine a subordinationist view of women with a strong repression of male homosexual practices. The rise of the feminist liberation movement in recent years gives gay people a reason to hope that GLBT people will be fully accepted in the future human community.
At the heart of all homophobia is feminaphobia and the repression of the feminine. Gay men are seen as a threat to patriarchy because they are frequently in touch with and act in accord with the feminine dimension of themselves.
No dialectical process can succeed unless it carries within itself the seed of synthesis. That seed of synthesis is to be found in the gay community. The synthesis can only succeed through the emergence of a visible group that can live out fully both its masculine and feminine dimensions without the need to repress either. This, I believe, is the providential role of the GLBT political and spiritual groups that have come into being over the past fifty years. We who are gay and lesbian need a vision and must be clear about what are the special gifts we bring to this moment in history and the central role we must play in bringing about the fullness of life for all humans.
That role is being played out in a special way in the gay setting of a new paradigm for human marriage, replacing the now destructive patriarchal paradigm. In gay marriage both partners relate to each other as equals. Neither party is under pressure to repress a whole dimension of his or her humanity — the feminine for men, the masculine for women.
Both parties can relate to each other as full human beings. Gay issues are therefore relevant for all men. Fear and hostility towards gays and lesbians is a key part of what it means to be masculine. If we want to understand how boys and men are kept in the masculine role, how men become isolated and emotionally shut down, then we have to look at homophobia.
Heteropatriarchy - Wikipedia
GAY men have a different experience of masculinity to heterosexual men. While gay men get some of the privileges of being male, they also suffer oppression and discrimination because of their sexual identity.
Ours is a society in which heterosexuality is the institutionalised norm, enforced by families, schools, government policies and the media.
As Gary Kinsman writes in Beyond patriarchy, "while we [gay men] share with straight men the economic benefits of being men in a patriarchal society, we do not participate as regularly in the everyday interpersonal subordination of women in the realms of sexuality and violence. Gay men suffer oppression at the hands of heterosexual men similar to those inflicted on women; they are bashed and killed by heterosexual male gangs and mocked for their "effeminacy".
More generally, heterosexual men receive social status and approval as heterosexual men, while gay men do not at least in the straight world.
Contemporary gay and lesbian politics began in about in the United States, Canada, Britain and Australia. The short-term context also included the "sexual revolution", the counter-culture, liberal sexology, intensified policing of sexual behaviour, and the existence of other social movements. Thus, in there was an explosion of lesbian and gay political activity in several Western capitalist countries, which is now well documented.
What is gay and lesbian politics about? Gay liberation groups aim to end the whole system of sexual categorisation, the rigid division into homosexual and heterosexual. They wish to create sexual diversity and plurality. Secondly, lesbian and gay groups aim to defend and assert their communities and social spaces and to resist various forms of social and cultural oppression. Finally, gay and lesbian groups aim to gain equal rights with heterosexuals, in such areas as the law, employment, custody and immigration.
We must move beyond superficial and individualistic analyses of such heinous events and target their root causes: Religion and the Preaching of Hate Any discussion about homophobia in society must absolutely reference religion.
Clearly, not all religions or churches teach and promote homophobic messages. Religion as an institution, however, has, in general, played a key role in the fueling of homophobia throughout society. Conservative divisions of Christianity, Islam and Judaism continue to teach extremely negative views about homosexuality and gay people.
Misogyny and Homophobia | DignityUSA
In recent years in the U. People who are born into certain religious environments and grow up hearing toxic anti-gay messages may, not surprisingly, develop negative views about us. Young and impressionable minds can internalize the notion that gay people are inferior and that homosexuality is an "abomination," something unnatural and deviant.
This infecting of the mind with distorted and false information is an extremely powerful process and in many cases lays the foundation for future anti-gay abuse and violence. As more and more people "come out" of the gay closet, there are more opportunities for young people to question the toxic anti-gay religious messages they are taught.
However, many are still raised in social and familial environments where warped and negative views about LGBT people are still passed on and maintained under the guise of religion. Given the extent to which certain religious groups and organizations attempt to influence secular and public institutions, they should not be free from public scrutiny and criticism.
Those churches and religious organizations that preach messages of hate and intolerance toward gay people should be rightly challenged and exposed for the role they play in causing homophobic violence.
We Must Target the Origins of Homophobic Violence: Religion, Patriarchy and Heterosexism
The religious views of no particular group should be written into public, secular laws that affect all people in society. While those who practice particular religions are free to believe whatever they wish to believe, freedom of speech should also allow us to criticize those who speak and behave in ways that jeopardize the health and safety of LGBT people.
Patriarchy and the Demonization of Difference Despite all the gains in gender equality that have been made in many countries around the world, patriarchy the privileging of men in society remains a powerful and defining force. Inequality between men and women continues to persist vocationally, financially and politically. The privileging of the masculine over the feminine and the continued social enforcement of rigid gender norms relating to masculinity and femininity play key roles in the development of homophobic views and conduct.
Homosexuality is viewed as being in direct opposition to how men and women are expected to behave in a patriarchal societal system in which straight men dominate. From a patriarchal perspective, female homosexuality is viewed as a direct rejection of the most powerful group in society: Not surprisingly, this perceived rejection is penalized and sanctioned in various ways.