BBC Bitesize - KS2 Religious Education - The Last Supper (animation)
Overview. This Object teaches students about the Passover and Jesus' Jewish heritage. It creates a link between the Passover Meal and the Last Supper, highlighting the . Screen the YouTube video clip – flat bread with herbs and olives –. On this Passover night Jesus aligns his action of self-sacrifice with the saving action of God. Symbolic Our relationship with God is expressed through prayer. .. Use photos or clip art to illustrate the key events in the Liturgy of the Eucharist. Easter, also called Pascha (Greek, Latin) or Resurrection Sunday, is a festival and holiday . Easter is linked to Passover and the Exodus from Egypt recorded in the Old Testament through the Last Because of the day difference between the calendars between and , 21 March "clipping the church". Oxford.
In fact, the religious leaders of his day criticised him for befriending the lower ranks of society and for eating and drinking with them! Jesus used such a festival to show his disciples how to remember him after his impending death.
He did it at a Passover meal, the day before he was crucified.
Easter - Wikipedia
Do this in remembrance of me. Do this is remembrance of me. But what happens at this eating and drinking? We use various names to describe the act: The four main elements in the service consist of taking the bread, giving thanks to God, breaking the bread, and sharing the bread and wine. Different Christian groups may add prayersreadings and hymns.
BBC Two - Watch, Christianity: Friends, The Last Supper (animation)
There are two essential aspects to communion: When you give a gift to someone you love, there is both the material gift and the affection that the giver shows.
Eastern Christianity bases its calculations on the Julian Calendar. Because of the day difference between the calendars between and21 March corresponds, during the 21st century, to 3 April in the Gregorian Calendar. Easter therefore varies between 4 April and 8 May in the Gregorian calendar the Julian calendar is no longer used as the civil calendar of the countries where Eastern Christian traditions predominate.
Also, because the Julian "full moon" is always several days after the astronomical full moon, the eastern Easter is often later, relative to the visible moon's phases, than western Easter. Among the Oriental Orthodox some churches have changed from the Julian to the Gregorian calendar and the date for Easter as for other fixed and moveable feasts is the same as in the Western church.
Computus InBede succinctly wrote, "The Sunday following the full Moon which falls on or after the equinox will give the lawful Easter. The full moon referred to called the Paschal full moon is not an astronomical full moon, but the 14th day of a lunar month.
Another difference is that the astronomical equinox is a natural astronomical phenomenon, which can fall on 19, 20 or 21 March,  while the ecclesiastical date is fixed by convention on 21 March.
The Last Supper (animation)
Their starting point in determining the date of Orthodox Easter is also 21 March but according to the Julian reckoning, which in the current century corresponds to 3 April in the Gregorian calendar. In addition, the lunar tables of the Julian calendar are four days sometimes five days behind those of the Gregorian calendar.
The 14th day of the lunar month according to the Gregorian system is figured as the ninth or tenth day according to the Julian. The result of this combination of solar and lunar discrepancies is divergence in the date of Easter in most years see table.
Easter is determined on the basis of lunisolar cycles. The lunar year consists of day and day lunar months, generally alternating, with an embolismic month added periodically to bring the lunar cycle into line with the solar cycle.
In each solar year 1 January to 31 December inclusivethe lunar month beginning with an ecclesiastical new moon falling in the day period from 8 March to 5 April inclusive is designated as the paschal lunar month for that year. The 14th of the paschal lunar month is designated by convention as the Paschal full moonalthough the 14th of the lunar month may differ from the date of the astronomical full moon by up to two days.
The Gregorian calculation of Easter was based on a method devised by the Calabrian doctor Aloysius Lilius or Lilio for adjusting the epacts of the moon,  and has been adopted by almost all Western Christians and by Western countries which celebrate national holidays at Easter.
Your Communion Questions Answered
This was designed to match exactly the Gregorian calculation. Controversies over the date Main article: Easter controversy A five-part Russian Orthodox icon depicting the Easter story. Eastern Orthodox Christians use a different computation for the date of Easter than the Western churches.
The precise date of Easter has at times been a matter of contention. By the later 2nd century, it was widely accepted that the celebration of the holiday was a practice of the disciples and an undisputed tradition. The Quartodeciman controversy, the first of several Easter controversiesarose concerning the date on which the holiday should be celebrated. According to the church historian Eusebiusthe Quartodeciman Polycarp bishop of Smyrna, by tradition a disciple of John the Apostle debated the question with Anicetus bishop of Rome.
The Roman province of Asia was Quartodeciman, while the Roman and Alexandrian churches continued the fast until the Sunday following the Sunday of Unleavened Breadwishing to associate Easter with Sunday. Neither Polycarp nor Anicetus persuaded the other, but they did not consider the matter schismatic either, parting in peace and leaving the question unsettled.
Controversy arose when Victorbishop of Rome a generation after Anicetus, attempted to excommunicate Polycrates of Ephesus and all other bishops of Asia for their Quartodecimanism.
According to Eusebius, a number of synods were convened to deal with the controversy, which he regarded as all ruling in support of Easter on Sunday. Victor's attempted excommunication was apparently rescinded, and the two sides reconciled upon the intervention of bishop Irenaeus and others, who reminded Victor of the tolerant precedent of Anicetus. Quartodecimanism seems to have lingered into the 4th century, when Socrates of Constantinople recorded that some Quartodecimans were deprived of their churches by John Chrysostom  and that some were harassed by Nestorius.
But both those who followed the Nisan 14 custom, and those who set Easter to the following Sunday had in common the custom of consulting their Jewish neighbors to learn when the month of Nisan would fall, and setting their festival accordingly. By the later 3rd century, however, some Christians began to express dissatisfaction with the custom of relying on the Jewish community to determine the date of Easter. The chief complaint was that the Jewish communities sometimes erred in setting Passover to fall before the Northern Hemisphere spring equinox.What is Biblical Communion? Are communion and Passover the same? Q&A
First Council of Nicaea This controversy between those who advocated independent computations, and those who wished to continue the custom of relying on the Jewish calendar, was formally resolved by the First Council of Nicaea inwhich endorsed changing to an independent computation by the Christian community in order to celebrate in common.
This effectively required the abandonment of the old custom of consulting the Jewish community in those places where it was still used.
Epiphanius of Salamis wrote in the mid-4th century: They passed certain ecclesiastical canons at the council besides, and at the same time decreed in regard to the Passover that there must be one unanimous concord on the celebration of God's holy and supremely excellent day.
For it was variously observed by people  That the older custom called "protopaschite" by historians did not at once die out, but persisted for a time, is indicated by the existence of canons  and sermons  against it.