The Shift From the Merovingian Dynasty to the Carolingian Dynasty | supererling
The Carolingians were partly of Merovingian descent, but more importantly, they and King of the Franks, provides the historical link between the Frankish. From Merovingians to Carolingians - Dynastic Change in Frankia, There is a difference between these Merovingians and their predecessors. From the 5th to the 8th centuries, the kingdom of the Franks was ruled by the Merovingian family. The Merovingian dynasty was founded by.
Further factors were needed to provide the conditions for a continued decline.
h2g2 - From Merovingians to Carolingians - Dynastic Change in Frankia
Wallace-Hadrill reasons that it was the youthfulness of these kings - and the two that followed: Sigebert spent his entire reign under the supervision of the Austrasian Arnulfings, a family already rich in property; similarly Clovis under Neustrian magnates such as Aega and Erchinoald. During these minorities, regents and Mayors were appointed by the aristocracy, rather than the kings.
From this period onwards, few of the Merovingian kings are seen as exercising much personal power. Thus, a crucial transformation had occurred from to c.
There is a difference between these Merovingians and their predecessors. Those who engineered their ascendencies and exclusions, and their assassinations, were members of the aristocracy, not other Merovingians. This is not to say that this sort of thing had not occurred before, but now it was the rule rather than the exception.
Such a transformation might also have been facilitated by the diminishment of Merovingian military credibility. While his defeat may be attributed to contradictory advice from his magnates, the humiliation fell squarely on the shoulders of Sigebert: Though it should be remembered that Sigebert was only ten years old at the time, Wallace-Hadrill sees this as another sign of the Merovingian decline.
The kingship of infant Merovingians further facilitated the formation of factions of aristocrats, focussed around controlling the office of Mayor of the Palace. The possibility emerged then of one faction gaining control. A pertinent example is provided by Wood. He did not summon the magnates to the formal elevation, and even prevented them from approaching the king. In doing so, Wood argues, he undermined the position of the court in the Merovingian kingdoms, and thus the very tradition of the Marchfield.
The Rise of the Mayors of the Palace In Austrasia, the most powerful faction that developed centred around the Arnulfing or Pippinid house. Although they had no hereditary right, some member of the Arnulfing house held the office of Mayor from to As all unitary Merovingian kings during this period chose to exercise their authority from Neustria, the Arnulfings could gain even greater control over resources and patronage in their region.
The Kingdom of the Franks was thus united for the first time under one Mayor. That Pippin was now undisputed master of Francia, Collins calls an oversimplification, explaining that his rule over Neustria and by extension Burgundy was normally vicarious. However, Pippin could exercise a great deal of personal power in Neustria, perhaps best illustrated when he gave the Neustrians his illegitimate and infant grandson Theudoald as Mayor in Pippin chose the Neustrian Mayors, who operated under his banner.
Authors such as Davis and Moss regard the ascendancy of the Arnulfings in as the effective end of the Merovingians. Other authors are less convinced. There are in fact numerous instances of Merovingian kings exercising some authority after this date. Wallace-Hadrill, for example, states that from c.
Using evidence from charters and more specifically placita, Wood contends that kings still retained their judicial power.
However, there is little evidence that after Chilperic II the Merovingian were anything more than puppets of the Arnulfings. Here it must be remembered that the sources for this period of Frankish history are limited. It is fair to say, therefore, that the last Merovingians do not speak for themselves.The Carolingian Empire: Disintegration and Division, 814-1000 CE
The End is Nigh That the Merovingians managed to endure till does suggest that they were still necessary in some way. Furthermore, when Chlothar died inCharles negotiated for the return of Chilperic II from Aquitaine, where the latter had fled.
The Merovingians still provided legitimacy: They could have endured indefinitely, and there is no indication that the Carolingians as they might now be called had the kingship as their ultimate goal.
The eventual deposition of Childeric III, therefore, could be said to have occurred quite suddenly. One emissary was an Englishman called Burghard. Englishmen, such as St. Boniface, had been conducting missionary work with the support of Charles Martel, and there is no indication that Pippin ever withdrew this support. It would certainly have been expedient for Boniface to support any Carolingian move in that direction; he needed their assistance for his missionary work.
The Merovingians themselves had earned the gratitude of the Catholic church in the time of Clovis I, and both church and crown enjoyed a special relationship.
The church had on the whole benefited from Merovingian patronage, and, being a conservative institution, would not easily have abandoned their old benefactors. Without the approval of the church, no amount of secular support would have won Pippin the throne.
The visible support of the St. Denis community, represented by Fulrad, would have been decisive in swaying the loyalties of the church from the Merovingians to the Carolingians. The Lombards were threatening Rome from the north, and the Papacy had need of a protector.
The Franks, under the Carolingians, were the most secure and powerful Christian state at the time; it was in the interests of Pope Zacharias, and his successor Stephen II, that the Carolingians be strengthened in their power by being given the kingship.
The Merovingians could no longer provide what was needed for the church. Childeric III and his son were tonsured and sent off to a monastery. Wallace-Hadrill argues that the coronation ritual possibly compensated not so much for the lack of royal blood, but for the loss of face for breaking an oath of fidelity.
It eased the consciences of both the Carolingians and the Frankish people. Therefore, the Merovingian dynasty could now be replaced. Indeed, the end was unpredicted and, in retrospect, multifarious in its genesis. The Merovingian kings had lost their power through a diminishment in their ability to reward their followers; a consequent need to rely on their increasingly powerful magnates, particularly during civil war, and a succession of minority kingships during a crucial period.
The Mayors of the Palace came to rule in their stead. Rather, the myth of the union of Jesus and Mary Magdalene was preserved to disguise a more occult secret. More importantly, the descendants of the Merovingians eventually intermarried with the family of Charlemagne, founder of the Holy Roman Empire, and supposedly, that of an Exilarch, or claimant to the Davidic throne, named Rabbi Makhir. It is from this lineage that all the leading lines of European aristocracy descend, a bloodline featured as the central secret of Grail lore.
The Merovingians, again, came originally from Scythia, where they were known as the Sicambrians, taking their name from Cambra, a tribal queen of about BC.
Then, in the early fifth century AD, the invasion of the Huns provoked large-scale migrations of almost all European tribes. It was at this time that the Sicambrians, a tribe of the Germanic people collectively known as the Franks, crossed the Rhine and moved into Gaul, establishing themselves in what is now Belgium and northern France.
The Merovingians are believed in occult circles to have originally been Jewish, and descended from the Tribe of Benjamin, who had entered Greece as Cadmus and Danaaus. Fredegar, who died in AD, was a Burgundian scribe, and his Chronicle covered the period from the earliest days of the Hebrew patriarchs to the era of the Merovingian kings.
The city of Paris, established by the sixth century Merovingians, likewise bears the name of Paris, the son of King Priam of Troy, whose liaison with Helen of Sparta sparked the Trojan War. The claim asserted in the Da Vinci Code is that Mary Magdalene had brought to southern France a child she bore to Jesus, and that her lineage was survived among the Merovingians. As explained by genealogical researcher David Hughes: Gaul was the richest and largest area of the western empire, but the Frankish tribes had not succeeded in organizing a single state, until Clovis defeated the surviving Roman forces in AD.
During his reign and that of his sons, Frankish power was extended over nearly all of Gaul and far into Germany. The Frankish kingdom eventually became the strongest and most extensive of the new German states, and it was the only one that truly survived into later centuries, from it being descended the modern states of both Germany and France.
Clovis converted to Roman Christianity, and an accord was ratified between him and the Roman Church, followed by a great wave of conversion. Pepin was followed by Charles Martel, one of the most heroic figures in French history, and who was the grandfather of Charlemagne, according whose name the dynasty came to be known in history as that of the Carolingians.
Charlemagne in read fighting a Muslim king The Carolingians were partly of Merovingian descent, but more importantly, they represented the union of the once divided lineage of the several families responsible for the formation of Mithraism, mainly, the House of Herod, of Commagene, the Julio-Claudian Emperors of Rome, and the Priest-Kings of Emesa.
This lineage had survived in two branches. Julia, the heiress of the Edomite royal bloodline, was the daughter of Herod Phollio King of Chalcis, whose grandfather was Herod the Great, and whose mother was the daughter of Salome. Arnulf, was a Frankish noble who had great influence in the Merovingian kingdoms as Bishop of Metz, and who was later canonized as a saint, and who lived from to AD.
The Creation of France
Arnulf this lineage was united with the other branch of this lineage. That other branch was survived in the Priest-Kings of Emesa, descended from Claudia, the grand-daughter of the Emperor Claudius, which culminated in the person of the Neoplatonic philosopher Iamblichus.
Charlemagne received substantial help from an alliance with the Pope, who wanted to cut the remaining ties with the Byzantine Empire. In this way, the domains of the Pope became an independent state in central Italy. In the same year, AD, Charlemagne was crowned Emperor by the Pope, becoming the first emperor in the west, since the last Roman emperor was deposed in AD, and thus inaugurating the Holy Roman Empire. Guillaume de Gellone St. This was the important union, infusing European aristocracy with Davidic lineage, by which occult societies, and books like the Holy Blood Holy Grail, have claimed represented the secret of the Holy Grail.
It is also the reason for which one of the stated aims of the Illuminati, like the enigmatic Priory of Zion, mentioned in The Da Vinci Code, is to reinstitute the descendants of Merovingians, as rulers of a New World Order.
The origin of the office of Exilarch is not known, but the princely post was hereditary in a family that traced its descent from the royal House of David.
The Carolingian Empire
It was recognized by the state and carried with it certain definite prerogatives, first under the Parthian Empire of the Persians. The office lasted to the sixth century AD, under different regimes, when there was no Exilarch for a century, until the position was restored under the Muslims. According to the appendix of a fourteenth century work titled Sepher ha Kabbalah: He hearkened and sent him one from there, a magnate and sage, Rabbi Makhir by name.
And [Charles] settled him in Narbonne, the capital city, and planted him there, and gave him a great possession there at the time he captured it from the Ishmaelites [Arabs]. The Prince Makhir became chieftain there. He and his descendants were close [inter-related] with the King and all his descendants. There are numerous confusing genealogies provided as to the descent of this Makhir, or Natronai.