Relationship between congress and the executive

U.S. Congress in relation to the president and Supreme Court - Wikipedia

relationship between congress and the executive

The legislative and executive branches are equal under the Constitution. The Constitution notwithstanding, the relationship among the branches, particularly the. Congressional Advantage Nature of checks and balances • Role is to check the executive • Independence from the executive • Power of the. The periodic tug-of-war between the president and Congress over foreign policy is Executive branch attorneys often cite Justice George Sutherland's in the field of international relations,” he wrote on behalf of the court.

The president is deemed to have a positive relationship with Congress when it passes his bills and supports his appointments even if Congress is dominated by the opposing party in American politics.

Despite his historical fame, the amount of legislation passed through the presidency of Kennedy was minimal as his proposals languished in committees where they were left to wither. No president can avoid political engagements with Congress unless he has no legislative initiatives which is barely likely!

In recent years the most important bills have been ratified by Congress after much back room debate. Nixon, who had a less than positive relationship with Congress, had to seek their support for SALT 1 and for expanding the money spent on the Vietnam War.

If Congress had been seen by the public to be obstructing the president in his drive against terrorism, then it is likely that the public would have had its say in Congressional elections, many of which are due in Novemberjust over a year after the terrorist outrages.

relationship between congress and the executive

In essence Congress and the president have what is essentially a policy of bargaining if a particular bill is potentially controversial. The president will make a relatively vague statement as to what he wants introduced but with no specifics attached to it.

Members of his Executive office will then start to put details on to the bill and contact with Congress can be made at this point to establish whether certain issues will cause problems or not. This is done discretely and with no publicity.

relationship between congress and the executive

When the final bill arrives at Congress for debate and ratification, it should be passed with relative ease as the potential flash points should have been dealt with at this time.

If, however, certain issues have been put into a bill and Congress does not support them, that is where the back room dealing takes place to get the bill passed but so that it pleases everyone. The one thing that neither Congress nor the President can accept, is a public perception of two squabbling bodies which are meant to be the pinnacle of political power within America.

The President and Congress

There is an attempt to work together so that the nation which claims to be the leading light of democracy has a political structure which befits this title. Public disputes between a president and Congress are rare. Neither came out of this scandal well The president was seen as a liar and adulterer whereas the Republicans in Congress were seen as having only one requirement from this affair — to get out the president.

The Democrats in Congress were also shown to be split over the affair. The Constitution gives the president clearly defined powers in his relationship with Congress and he plays a key role at both the beginning and at the conclusion of the legislative process.

Article I Section 7, states that the president can veto legislation presented to him — as all legislation must be for his acceptance signature.

If a president does not sign what is presented to him, then that legislation in its current form does not become law. For the first two years of his presidency, Clinton did not use the power of presidential veto but both Houses had a Democratic majority.

However, when Congress became dominated by Republicans in years 3 to 4 of his first term in office, he did use the veto. Inhe vetoed the Republicans fiscal year budget which wanted reductions in spending in Medicare, welfare, education and environmental programmes.

U.S. Congress in relation to the president and Supreme Court

The president can publicly and privately express his views though Congress does not have to support them. In this sense the Constitution is seen to be put into action in that the president has the right to express a view while those elected by the people have the right to reject them. Though Congress has the right to reject presidential recommendations, it rarely does so or it does so in a manner that frequently just dilutes a recommendation as opposed to outwardly rejecting it.

Both parts of government have to be seen working together for the people as opposed to setting one another up against the other. However, it is through the power of recommendationagenda setting and lobbying that all modern presidents have organised their relationship with Congress. Today, people on the presidential staff are assigned by the president simply to develop and cultivate his relationship with Congress.

These people essentially have four main tasks: These people will tell a president when it is most advantageous to do something i. These people identify obstacles to a recommendation and seek to suggest ways in which they can be navigated around.

Third - The provisions of the Act ofcommonly called the Missouri Compromise, in so far as it undertook to exclude negro slavery from, and communicate freedom and citizenship to, negroes in the northern part of the Louisiana cession, was a Legislative act exceeding the powers of Congress, and void, and of no legal effect to that end. In deciding these main points, the Supreme Court determined Archived from the original on In addition, hearings may also be purely exploratory in nature, providing testimony and data about topics of current interest.

Most congressional hearings are published two months to two years after they are held.

The President and Congress - History Learning Site

Congressional reports originate from congressional committees and deal with proposed legislation and issues under investigation. The database for the current Congress is updated irregularly, as electronic versions of the documents become available. The Congress under the Constitution and by statute also plays a role in presidential elections. Both Houses meet in joint session on the sixth day of January following a presidential election, unless by law they appoint a different day, to count the electoral votes.

What is the relationship between the legislative and executive branches of government

If no candidate receives a majority of the total electoral votes, the House of Representatives, each state delegation having one vote, chooses the President from among the three candidates having the largest number of electoral votes. The Senate, each Senator having one vote, chooses the Vice President from the two candidates having the largest number of votes for that office. Learn about the Legislative Process".

United States House of Representatives. The chief function of Congress is the making of laws. The United States Code contains a consolidation and codification of the general and permanent laws of the United States arranged according to subject matter under 50 title headings, largely in alphabetical order.

relationship between congress and the executive

It sets out the current status of the laws, as amended, without repeating all the language of the amendatory acts except where necessary. The Code is declared to be prima facie evidence of those laws. Its purpose is to present the laws in a concise and usable form without requiring recourse to the many volumes of the Statutes at Large containing the individual amendments. New editions are published every six years and cumulative supplements are published after the conclusion of each regular session of the Congress.

The Code is also available in electronic format. Twenty-four of the 50 titles have been revised and enacted into positive law, and one title has been eliminated by consolidation with another title. Titles that have been revised and enacted into positive law are legal evidence of the law and may be updated by direct amendment. Eventually all the titles will be revised and enacted into positive law.