Brahma - Wikipedia
Brahma Vishnu Shiva Rare Images of Trimurti Gods in Hinduism. . Trinity - Brahma, Vishnu, Shiva - Hindu Posters (Reprint on Glazed Paper - Unframed) Radhe Krishna, Krishna Images, Indian Gods, Soul Connection, Tarot Cards, Hare. Brahman; Vishnu, Shiva and other deities In pictures and sculptures, Shiva is represented as Lord of the Dance who controls the movement. But, if you go to the proper sources, the venerable Vedic texts Bhagavad-gita and Srimad-Bhagavatam, you'll find Brahma, Vishnu, and Shiva accurately.
Kama was consumed by the fire that poured forth, and only returned to life when Parvati intervened. This signifies Shiva's power over the most dangerous creatures in the world. Some traditions also say that the snake represents Shiva's power of destruction and recreation.
Brahma Vishnu Shiva Stock Photos & Brahma Vishnu Shiva Stock Images - Alamy
The snake sheds its skin to make way for new, smooth skin. They represent Shiva's all-pervading nature, his superhuman power and wealth. Also, they cover up his powerful third eye. Members of Shaivism often draw vibhuti lines across their forehead.
The three-pronged trident represents the three functions of the Hindu triumvirate. Shiva is sometimes represented as half man, half woman. His figure is split half way down the body, one half showing his body and the second half that of Parvati's. Shiva is also represented by Shiva linga. This is a phallic statue, representing the raw power of Shiva and his masculinity.
Hindus believe it represents the seed of the universe, demonstrating Shiva's quality of creation. Worshippers of Shiva celebrate Mahashivratri, a festival at which the Shiva linga is bathed in water, milk and honey and worshipped. He is known, according to some ancient authorities, by 1, epithets: Shiva is often shown with Parvati; he is also shown as ardhnarishwara, half-man and half-woman. Vinay Lal, professor of history, UCLA] Shiva Symbols Carved wooden lingam Lingams or lingas are the phallic symbols that honor Shiva and represent male energy, rebirth, fertility and the creative forces of the universe.
They are found in varying sizes in many Hindu temples. A typical one is shaped like an erect phallus and made of polished stone. The vertical shaft is sometimes divided into the parts symbolizing the Hindu Trinity, with the upper rounded part associated with Shiva, the middle part linked to Vishnu, and the bottom part representing Brahma.
A channel is carved on the base to allow ablutions to flow out. Shiva worshipers like to pour cows milk on lingams, sprinkle them with flowers and red powder and make offering of fruits and sweets.
The lingam and the base together are a sort of ying and yang statue that symbolizes the entire universe and the union and interaction between male and female power. The trident is another symbol associated with Shiva. The three forks are said to represent creation, preservation and destruction. Depictions of Shiva with three faces also represent the same balanced trilogy: Shiva is often depicted with matted hair.
This eludes to his time spent as an ascetic. He sometimes wears a necklace of skulls that symbolize his role as a destroyer and demon slayer.
The eye is always closed if it is open the universe will be destroyed. Shiva is closely associated with Varanasi and death. It is said that anyone who dies in Varanasi will join Shiva straight away in Mt. Meru regardless of how much bad karma they have accumulated.
Brahma, Vishnu, Shiva, the Highest Gods of Hinduism
Shiva and Other Gods Young Shiva slaying demons Shiva has many consorts that help express his many sides and bring out male and female power. The nature of this relationship is believed to be based on ancient mother goddess cults that were absorbed into Hinduism. Devi has taken on many forms in the past, includingGauri, Durga, Sati, the goddess of marital felicity and Kali, the powerful Goddess of Death.
Devi's best known incarnation is Parvati, Shiva's primary and eternal wife. Shiva and Parvati are held up as the perfect example of marital bliss by many Hindus, and one is rarely depicted without the other.
Hindus believe Shiva and Parvati live in the Kailash mountains in the Himalayas. Parvati is the daughter of the sacred Himalayas. She and Shiva have two sons: Skanda, the god of War, and Ganesh the popular elephant-headed god. Natarja, an incarnation of Shiva, is the goddess of dance. She is often depicted in old bronze statues with four arms and one leg raised and the other crushing Apasmara, a dwarf-demon associated with confusion and ignorance.
One hand assumes the gesture of protection, one points to a raised foot, one hold the drum that keeps the beat of the rhythm of creation. The forth holds the fire of dissolution. It represents fertility; is often as white as the Himalayan peaks; and marks the entrance to a Shiva temples.
Vidya Dehejia, a professor at Columbia University, wrote: Parvati, the consort of Shiva, with the lion as her vehicle, is a major deity in her own right. As Durga, she slays demons whom the other gods are unable to control. One of her most celebrated feats is the destruction of the buffalo demon Mahisha. Two other deities are considered their children. Elephant-headed Ganesha is the god who removes obstacles and is worshipped at the start of any undertaking; his vehicle is the mouse.
Skanda, a warlike youth, rides the peacock. Vidya Dehejia, Department of Art History and Archaeology, Columbia University Metropolitan Museum of Art] Shiva, Parvati and Ganesh The concept of reality as the complex interplay of opposite principles, male and female, thus finds its highest form in the mythology of Shiva and his consort Parvati also known as Shakti, Kali, or Durgathe daughter of the mountains.
This most controlled deity, the meditating Shiva, then has still another form, as the erotic lover of Parvati, embracing her passionately. One son is called variously Karttikeya identified with the planet Mars or Skanda the god of war or Subrahmanya.
He is extremely handsome, carries a spear, and rides a peacock. According to some traditions, he emerged motherless from Shiva when the gods needed a great warrior to conquer an indestructible demon. In southern India, where he is called Murugan, he is a lord of mountain places and a great friend of those who dedicate themselves to him. Some devotees vow to carry on their shoulders specially carved objects of wood for a determined number of weeks, never putting them down during that time.
Others may go further, and insert knives or long pins into their bodies for extended periods. One myth claims that he originated directly from Parvati's body and entered into a quarrel with Shiva, who cut off his human head and replaced it later with the head of the first animal he found, which happened to be an elephant. For most worshipers, Ganesh is the first deity invoked during any ceremony because he is the god of wisdom and remover of obstacles.
People worship Ganesh when beginning anything, for example, at the start of a trip or the first day of the new school year. He is often pictured next to his mount, the rat, symbol of the ability to get in anywhere. Ganesh is therefore a clever figure, a trickster in many stories, who presents a benevolent and friendly image to those worshipers who placate him. His image is perhaps the most widespread and public in India, visible in streets and transportation terminals everywhere.
The antics of Ganesh and Karttikeya and the interactions of Shiva and Parvati have generated a series of entertaining myths of Shiva as a henpecked husband, who would prefer to keep meditating but instead is drawn into family problems, providing a series of morality tales in households throughout India.
He is often called the Lord of Dance. The rhythm of dance is a metaphor for the balance in the universe which Shiva is believed to hold so masterfully. His most important dance is the Tandav. This is the cosmic dance of death, which he performs at the end of an age, to destroy the universe.
The image of Shiva as Nataraj is indelibly stitched into the Indian imagination. No doubt the root idea behind all of these dances is more or less one and the same, the manifestation of primal rhythmic energy. Though there are minor variations, the characteristic features of Nataraj are as follows: The upper left hand holds a flame, the lower left hand points down to the demon Muyalaka, who is shown holding a cobra.
The demon is being crushed by Shiva's right foot; the other foot is raised. The upper right hand holds a drum, the lower one is in the abhaymudra, 'be without fear'.
Shiva's hair is braided and jewelled, but some of his locks whirl as he dances; within the folds of his hair are a wreathing cobra, a skull, and the figure of Ganga.
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The entire figure stands on a lotus pedestal and is fringed by a circle of flames, which are touched by the hands holding the drum and the fire. Shrishti creation, evolution ; Sthiti preservation, support ; Samhara destruction, evolution ; Tirobhava illusion ; and Anugraha release, emancipation, grace. The symbolic significance of every aspect of the representation of Shiva is furnished by many texts, such as the Chidambara Mummani Kovai: Thy lifted hand protects both the conscious and unconscious order of thy creation.
All these worlds are transformed by Thy hand bearing fire. Thy sacred foot, planted on the ground, gives an abode to the tired soul struggling in the toils of causality. It is Thy lifted foot that grants eternal bliss to those that approach Thee. These Five-Actions are indeed Thy Handiwork.
One day, the father of the goddess Sati decided to hold a prayer ceremony. At this prayer ceremony, all the gods would be invited and offerings would be made to them. But Shiva had married Sati against the wishes of her father and he was not invited. Sati was deeply offended on behalf of her husband. In anger, Sati prayed intensely and jumped into the sacred fire that was burning on the day of the ceremony. During this time, Shiva had been in the midst of deep meditation.
But when Sati jumped into the fire, he awoke in great anger, realising what his wife had done. The whole universe was about to be destroyed before it was time. The gods who were present at the prayer ceremony were very concerned. In order to pacify him, they scattered the ashes of Sati over him. This did the trick. He calmed down and did not complete the dance.
But he went into meditation for many years, deeply upset over the death of his wife, ignoring all his godly duties. Through her love and patience, she taught him about family life and the importance of moderation.
Wikimedia Commons Text Sources: Last updated September Their names then become Lakshmi and Narayan who then represent the family path of the deity civilization.
Their role is to rule and give sustenance to humanity. Lakshmi and Narayan combined form is known as Vishnu, the sustainer of the world. Vishnu is shown adorned with the Eternal World Drama Wheel chakra on the index finger of the upper right hand. The Mace Gada is held with the lower right hand that depicts both self-sovereignty swaraj as well as world sovereignty with peace, prosperity and happiness.
The Conch Shell represents the dissemination of godly knowledge and the Lotus Flower represents complete purity in thoughts, words and actions. The female aspect of Vishnu is MahaLakshmi shown standing in a one-hundred petal white lotus flower giving physical sustenance mahadhani as well as blessings vardan. In essence, therefore, Brahma, Vishnu and Shankar are subtle deities who assisted God Shiva to transform the old iron-aged world into the golden-aged world of heaven during the auspicious confluence age purushottam Sangam yugthe last years of the iron age kaliyug.
Some Sauras worship either Vishnu or Brahma or Shiva as manifestations of Surya, others worship the Trimurti as a manifestation of Surya, and others exclusively worship Surya alone. Trimurti Sadashiva sculpture on Gharapuri Island Shaivites hold that, according to Shaiva AgamaShiva performs five actions - creation, preservation, dissolution, concealing grace, and revealing grace.
Respectively, these first three actions are associated with Shiva as Sadyojata akin to BrahmaVamadeva akin to Vishnu and Aghora akin to Rudra. This stands in contrast to the idea that Shiva is the "God of destruction. Ergo, the Trimurti is a form of Shiva Himself for Shaivas. Shaivites believe that Lord Shiva is the Supreme, who assumes various critical roles and assumes appropriate names and forms, and also stands transcending all these.
Made of sandstone, statue dates back to 11th century.