The Cuban Missile Crisis VS The Bay of Pigs Invasion by Genesis Gomez on Prezi
The Bay of Pigs and the Cuban Missile Crisis, Kennedy authorized a clandestine invasion of Cuba by a brigade of Cuban exiles. him to remove the missiles, thus initiating an exchange of correspondence between the two. Read about the tense standoff between the United States and the Soviet As US-Cuban relations deteriorated, Castro turned to the Soviet Union for support. The origins of the Cuban Missile Crisis lie in the failed Bay of Pigs invasion. The Bay of Pigs Invasion was a failed military invasion of Cuba undertaken by the Central It also strengthened the relations between Cuba and the Soviet Union. This eventually led to the events of the Cuban Missile Crisis of
In Januarythe government proclaimed that each newspaper was obliged to publish a "clarification" by the printers' union at the end of any article that criticized the government. This was the start of press censorship in Castro's Cuba.
Bay of Pigs Invasion
Although he remained a moderating force and tried to prevent the mass reprisal killings of Batistanos advocated by many Cubans, Castro helped to set up trials of many figures involved in the old regime across the country, resulting in hundreds of executions. Critics, in particular from the U. Castro retaliated strongly against such accusations, proclaiming that "revolutionary justice is not based on legal precepts, but on moral conviction.
Castro responded by expropriating the refineries and nationalizing them under state control. In retaliation, the US canceled its import of Cuban sugar, provoking Castro to nationalize most US-owned assets, including banks and sugar mills. The cause of the explosion was never determined, but Castro publicly insinuated that the US government were guilty of sabotage. In retaliation, the Cuban National Institute for Agrarian Reform took control of private-run businesses on 14 October, and on 25 October a further US companies operating in Cuba had their premises seized and nationalized, including Coca-Cola and Sears Roebuck.
Documents Relating to the Bay of Pigs Invasion and the Cuban Missile Crisis
At an August meeting of the Organization of American States OAS held in Costa Ricathe US Secretary of StateChristian Herterpublicly proclaimed that Castro's administration was "following faithfully the Bolshevik pattern" by instituting a single-party political system, taking governmental control of trade unionssuppressing civil libertiesand removing both the freedom of speech and freedom of the press.
He furthermore asserted that international communism was using Cuba as an "operational base" for spreading revolution in the western hemisphere, and called on other OAS members to condemn the Cuban government for its breach of human rights. Proclaiming that the US poor were living "in the bowels of the imperialist monster", he attacked the mainstream US media and accused it of being controlled by big business.
Several negotiations between representatives from Cuba and the US took place around this time. Repairing financial international relations was the focal point of these discussions.
The US stated that they would not interfere with Cuba's choice of government or its domestic structure; however, the US also ordered the Cubans to sever all ties with the Soviet Union. In exchange, if the operation were a success and a pro-US government were restored in Cuba, the CIA agreed that the Mafia would get their "monopoly on gaming, prostitution and drugs.
As the perceived threat of international communism grew larger, the CIA expanded its activities to undertake covert economic, political, and military activities that would advance causes favourable to U.
Eisenhower directed the Central Intelligence Agency to begin preparations of invading Cuba and overthrowing the Castro regime. He assembled a number of other agents to aid him in the plot, many of whom had worked on the Guatemalan coup six years before; these included David PhilipsGerry Droller and E.The history of the Cuban Missile Crisis - Matthew A. Jordan
Although unhappy with the news, they conceded to the order. At this stage it was still not clear that an invasion would take place. By 31 Octobermost guerrilla infiltrations and supply drops directed by the CIA into Cuba had failed, and developments of further guerrilla strategies were replaced by plans to mount an initial amphibious assault, with a minimum of 1, men.
No objections were expressed, and Eisenhower approved the plans, with the intention of persuading John Kennedy of their merit. On 8 DecemberBissell presented outline plans to the " Special Group " while declining to commit details to written records. Further development of the plans continued, and on 4 January they consisted of an intention to establish a "lodgement" by men at an undisclosed site in Cuba, supported by considerable air power.
Bay of Pigs Invasion - Wikipedia
Kennedy of the Democratic Partycampaigned on the issue of Cuba, with both candidates taking a hardline stance on Castro. Kennedy authorized the active departments to continue, and to report progress. For more information, please see the full notice. The crisis was unique in a number of ways, featuring calculations and miscalculations as well as direct and secret communications and miscommunications between the two sides.
The dramatic crisis was also characterized by the fact that it was primarily played out at the White House and the Kremlin level with relatively little input from the respective bureaucracies typically involved in the foreign policy process. Aerial view of missile launch site at San Cristobal, Cuba. Kennedy Library After the failed U.
Construction of several missile sites began in the late summer, but U. Despite the warning, on October 14 a U. These images were processed and presented to the White House the next day, thus precipitating the onset of the Cuban Missile Crisis. Kennedy summoned his closest advisers to consider options and direct a course of action for the United States that would resolve the crisis.
Some advisers—including all the Joint Chiefs of Staff—argued for an air strike to destroy the missiles, followed by a U. The President decided upon a middle course.
That same day, Kennedy sent a letter to Khrushchev declaring that the United States would not permit offensive weapons to be delivered to Cuba, and demanded that the Soviets dismantle the missile bases already under construction or completed, and return all offensive weapons to the U. The letter was the first in a series of direct and indirect communications between the White House and the Kremlin throughout the remainder of the crisis. Nevertheless, during October 24 and 25, some ships turned back from the quarantine line; others were stopped by U.
With no apparent end to the crisis in sight, U. On October 26, Kennedy told his advisors it appeared that only a U. The crisis had reached a virtual stalemate.