Labor & Employment | Iason Skouzos & Partners
In a way, the gesture is symbolic of the American employer-employee relationship, which has come to resemble a marriage contract. Employers. There are two players in any employment relationship: the employer and the Vocational training contracts that primarily intend to train young people in a. "They expect staff to behave to a certain standard and have informal and formal Love contracts are an attempt to get the employer off the hook, says Hannah So should you tell your boss about a workplace relationship?.
There are many other provisions regarding the payment for nightshift and Sunday work, as well as public holidays, which are, as a rule, of public order, and therefore any waiver on behalf of employees from their relevant rights would be held invalid. In case that this agreement is not disclosed in the competent Labor Inspectorate within eight 8 days from its signature, then it is presumed that the employment agreement is of a full-time period.Employee Engagement is not enough
Entitlement to overtime and method of calculation In Greek law, two types of overtime work are recognised: This term was designed to loosen the traditionally strict statutory approach that every hour above the eighth is overtime.
With regard to work hours, overwork and overtime hours in general, the relative provisions apply to all salaried persons, regardless of whether they are employees or workers, except managers or directors that is, senior employees of the enterprise — these are the persons who have administrative tasks and managerial responsibilities, and at the same time their remuneration is much higher than their colleagues.
By virtue of Law No. Those overwork hours from the 41st to the 45th hour are remunerated with the regular wage per hour increased by 20 per cent. The employees in this case are also remunerated with the regular wage per hour increased by 20 per cent. Overtime work, that is, work exceeding the maximum limit of legal work of employees and providing services to employers beyond 45 or 48 hours per week — in other words, exceeding the overwork hours as well — is allowed only for specific activities that are considered to be urgent and exceptional or extraordinary.
The employment of more than 45 or 48 hours per week respectively is considered overtime and the employee is paid for these hours as follows: For the realisation of overtime the following are required: Managers are exempted from the application of several provisions of labour law and are not protected by the restrictions of the legal working hours Law No.
There is no concrete formula that defines a manager or director and, in cases of dispute, the courts will look into the specific facts of the particular case. A high salary will not per se guarantee that a worker shall be considered a manager, because it may well be that high remuneration is justified by the special skills that a worker has.
For all other workers, the conventional work schedule of up to 40 hours per week is applied.
Specifically in relation to public servants, overtime work is not compensated unless it is necessary to cover seasonal, extraordinary or urgent public needs. According to upcoming changes that are being introduced as emergency measures in response to the Greek public debt crisis ofthe total payable monthly hours of overtime work per employee was diminished from 60 to 40 hours article 6 of Law No.
Annual leave vacation and holidays The right to annual vacation and holidays is governed by Law No. Before the introduction of Law No. Since this Law came into force on 8 Maythe employee is entitled to vacation leave without the month requirement. The days of leave to he or she will be entitled still depend on the months he or she has worked at the same employer; the table below applies.
Vacation is paid with the normal agreed salary. Sundays, public holidays and sick leave are not included in vacation leave. If, for example, an employee takes vacation leave of 10 days and the fifth day is a public holiday, he or she will come back to work on the 11th day. If the employer is a business that runs five days per week, the following applies: Employees that have been working for a period of 10 years for the same employer or for a period of 12 years for any employer under any employment relationship are entitled to 25 days of holiday leave.
Rights and Responsibilities of Employers and Employees | Éducaloi
If the employer is a business that runs six days per week, the following applies: Employees that have been working for a period of 10 years for the same employer or have been working for a period of 12 years for any employer under any employment relationship are entitled to 30 days of holiday leave.
If an employee has worked for less than a year, he or she will be entitled to two days of leave for every working month. Vacation leave without pay may also be agreed between the parties; it is not a right or an obligation of either party. It may be agreed that leave without pay is on top of the statutory holiday, etc, depending on the individual circumstances.
How To Germany - The Employee/Employer Relationship in Germany
A vacation bonus is also obligatory by statute. This equals 50 per cent of the monthly salary or if the employee is paid per diem 13 times per diem.
- Rights and Responsibilities of Employers and Employees
Under the current legislation, the employee does not have to submit an application written or oral in order to get his or her legal annual vacation. The employer is obliged to grant the legal annual vacation to the employee before the termination of the year, even if the employee did not ask for it, otherwise the employer is subject to penal sanctions.
The employer is obliged to accept them back at work. By virtue of article 3 of Law No. In the event of sickness of salaried personnel, employees will not being paid during the whole period of their absence but as follows: If the absence is less than 15 days or a month respectively, the salaried employee shall be remunerated for the period of time of his or her absence.
In any event, the employer has a right to deduct from the above-mentioned remuneration owed to the employee, due to sickness, the amount of money the latter may have received from the Social Security Fund by virtue of the Law regarding obligatory insurance.
The amount of the daily sickness benefit comes up to 50 per cent of the deemed minimum of the daily salary applicable — on the basis of the respective insurance class remuneration — during the last 30 days of work realised during the calendar year preceding the sickness.
This amount constitutes the basic sickness benefit that may be increased according to the family status of the sick employee. Of course, the employer has the right to ask the salaried employee to produce supporting documents proving his or her sickness.
Leave or absence — other circumstances There are many situations where an employee would be entitled to take a leave of absence under certain conditions. Managerial employees are also considered employees, but often act as an employer vis-a-vis the other employees.
Because of this there are certain exceptions to the general labor and employment law rules for managerial employees. These are particularly notable with respect to protection against termination and the applicability of the Works Constitution Act.
Temporary employment exists when a business namely a temporary work agency employs an individual on a permanent basis and dispatches him temporarily to another employer the user enterprise.
The employee works during this period under the supervision and in line with the instructions of the user enterprise. Vocational training contracts that primarily intend to train young people in a profession are not considered employment contracts. They are governed by the Occupational Training Act. This Act does stipulate that the rules and principles governing the contract of employment must be applied, unless the Act expressly states an exception, or when the application of employment law would not be compatible with the nature and aim of the vocational training being undertaken.
As a rule, an employment contract is for an unlimited period.
The Employee/Employer Relationship in Germany
It is, however, possible for the employer and the employee to conclude a contract of a limited period. Holding hands or briefly kissing may be seen as inappropriate but won't justify dismissal, whereas more explicit behaviour might. Same-sex workplace relationships can be particularly problematic because they alert colleagues to your sexuality and expose you to banter or worse.
Sexual orientation regulations, introduced in the Equality Actmake it illegal for employers and other groups to discriminate on the grounds of sexual orientation, so you have plenty of legal protection.
Speak to your manager if the jibes become too much or descend into abuse.
Companies are legally liable for the behaviour of their staff and could face litigation if they don't take action. You can survive an office affair, but don't play fast and loose with either your colleagues or your partner because that could damage your reputation and make your working life embarrassingly awkward. And finally, be proud of your relationship. For style, it may not rival Brad Pitt and Angelina Jolie falling in love on the set of Mr and Mrs Smith, but it's likely to be more glamorous than John Prescott's clinches with his diary secretary Tracey Temple.
Case study An office romance can cause friction at work, but the trouble really starts when the relationship breaks down, as year-old advertising executive David Shepherd not his real name discovered.