within the Asian region held every 4 years. technical information for Sepak Takraw Sport in the 18th Asian Games .. identity has developed, defined by a national language, ethnic diversity, .. Team Manager Meeting. Very small area is required to play the game and women ratton ball was found means ' woven ball' were combined into one the official accepted name of the net In December, at the meeting of the Asian Sepak Takraw Federation a. Chang is the secretary of Sepak Takraw of USA, Inc., a.
Bangkok was at the heart of the modernization of Siam—later renamed Thailand—during the late 19th century, the city grew rapidly during the s through the s and now exerts a significant impact on Thailands politics, economy, education, media and modern society.
The Asian investment boom in the s and s led many multinational corporations to locate their headquarters in Bangkok. The city is now a regional force in finance and business. It is a hub for transport and health care, and has emerged as a regional centre for the arts, fashion. The city is known for its vibrant street life and cultural landmarks. Bangkok is among the top tourist destinations.
It is named the most visited city in MasterCards Global Destination Cities Index, Bangkoks rapid growth amidst little urban planning and regulation has resulted in a haphazard cityscape and inadequate infrastructure systems. The city has turned to public transport in an attempt to solve this major problem.
Five rapid transit lines are now in operation, with more systems under construction or planned by the national government and the Bangkok Metropolitan Administration. The history of Bangkok dates at least back to the early 15th century, because of its strategic location near the mouth of the river, the town gradually increased in importance.
Bangkok initially served as a customs outpost with forts on both sides of the river, and became the site of a siege in in which the French were expelled from Siam.
After the fall of Ayutthaya to the Burmese Empire inthe newly declared King Taksin established his capital at the town, inKing Phutthayotfa Chulalok succeeded Taksin, moved the capital to the eastern banks Rattanakosin Island, thus founding the Rattanakosin Kingdom. The City Pillar was erected on 21 April, which is regarded as the date of foundation of the present city, Bangkoks economy gradually expanded through busy international trade, first with China, then with Western merchants returning in the early-to-mid 19th century.
As the capital, Bangkok was the centre of Siams modernization as it faced pressure from Western powers in the late 19th century, Bangkok became the centre stage for power struggles between the military and political elite as the country abolished absolute monarchy in 2.
Thailand — Thailand, officially the Kingdom of Thailand, formerly known as Siam, is a country at the centre of the Indochinese peninsula in Southeast Asia. With a total area of approximatelykm2, Thailand is the worlds 51st-largest country and it is the 20th-most-populous country in the world, with around 66 million people. The capital and largest city is Bangkok, Thailand is a constitutional monarchy and has switched between parliamentary democracy and military junta for decades, the latest coup being in May by the National Council for Peace and Order.
Its capital and most populous city is Bangkok and its maritime boundaries include Vietnam in the Gulf of Thailand to the southeast, and Indonesia and India on the Andaman Sea to the southwest.
International Sepaktakraw Federation - WikiVividly
The Thai economy is the worlds 20th largest by GDP at PPP and it became a newly industrialised country and a major exporter in the s. Manufacturing, agriculture, and tourism are leading sectors of the economy and it is considered a middle power in the region and around the world.
The country has always been called Mueang Thai by its citizens, by outsiders prior toit was usually known by the exonym Siam. Thailand was renamed Siam from to 11 Mayafter which it reverted to Thailand. Etymologically, its components are, ratcha, -ana- -chak, the Thai National Anthem, written by Luang Saranupraphan during the extremely patriotic s, refers to the Thai nation as, prathet Thai.
The first line of the anthem is, prathet thai ruam lueat nuea chat chuea thai, Thailand is the unity of Thai flesh. There is evidence of habitation in Thailand that has been dated at 40, years before the present. Similar to other regions in Southeast Asia, Thailand was heavily influenced by the culture and religions of India, Thailand in its earliest days was under the rule of the Khmer Empire, which had strong Hindu roots, and the influence among Thais remains even today.
The Menam Basin was originally populated by the Mons, and the location of Dvaravati in the 7th century, the History of the Yuan mentions an embassy from the kingdom of Sukhothai in 3. Palembang — Palembang is the second-largest city on Sumatra island after Medan and the capital city of the South Sumatra province in Indonesia. It is one of the oldest cities in the Malay Archipelago, Palembang is located on the Musi River banks on the east coast of southern Sumatra, with a land area of Palembang is the sixth-largest city in Indonesia after Jakarta, Surabaya, Bandung, Medan and its built-up area with Talang Kelapa and Rambutan was home to 1, inhabitants at the census.
Palembang is the oldest city in Indonesia, and has a history of being the city of the Kingdom of Srivijaya, a powerful Malay kingdom. The earliest evidence of its dates from the 7th century. The first inscription in which the name Srivijaya appears also dates from the 7th century, namely the Kedukan Bukit Inscription around Palembang in Sumatra, Palembangs main landmarks include Ampera Bridge and Musi River, the latter of which divides the city into two.
The north bank of river in Palembang is known as Seberang Ilir and this city was known as a host city for Southeast Asian Games. Additionally, Asian Games is going to be held in the city along with Jakarta, the word Palembang is derived from two words in Malay pa and lembang. Pa or Pe in Malay is a prefix indicates a place or situation meanwhile lembang or lembeng means lowland. In other words, Palembang literally means the place which was inundated by water. The Kedukan Bukit Inscription, which is dated AD, is the oldest inscription found in Palembang, the Matajap of the inscription is believed to be Mukha Upang, a district of Palembang.
According to George Coedes, in the half of the 9th century Java. As the capital of the Srivijaya kingdom, this second oldest city in Southeast Asia has been an important trading centre in maritime Southeast Asia for more than a millennium. Sanskrit inscriptions and Chinese travelogues report that the kingdom prospered as an intermediary in the trade between China and India.
Thus, Srivijaya grew to be the biggest international trade centre, and not only the market and it functioned as a cultural centre as well. He also recorded there were many states under the kingdom called Srivijaya. Inan army from the Kingdom of Medang in Java attacked Srivijaya, Palembang was sacked and the palace was looted.
Cudamani Warmadewa, however, requested protection from China, bythe invasion was finally repelled 4. Indonesia — Indonesia, officially the Republic of Indonesia, is a unitary sovereign state and transcontinental country located mainly in Southeast Asia with some territories in Oceania. Situated between the Indian and Pacific oceans, it is the worlds largest island country, with more than seventeen thousand islands.
At 1, square kilometres, Indonesia is the worlds 14th-largest country in terms of area and worlds 7th-largest country in terms of combined sea. It has an population of over million people and is the worlds fourth most populous country. The worlds most populous island, Java, contains more than half of the countrys population, Indonesias republican form of government includes an elected legislature and president.
Indonesia has 34 provinces, of which five have Special Administrative status and its capital and countrys most populous city is Jakarta, which is also the most populous city in Southeast Asia and the second in Asia. Despite its large population and densely populated regions, Indonesia has vast areas of wilderness that support the second highest level of biodiversity.
The country has abundant natural resources like oil and natural gas, tin, copper, agriculture mainly produces rice, palm oil, tea, coffee, cacao, medicinal plants, spices and rubber. Indonesias major trading partners are Japan, United States, China, the Indonesian archipelago has been an important region for trade since at least the 7th century, when Srivijaya and then later Majapahit traded with China and India.
Local rulers gradually absorbed foreign cultural, religious and political models from the early centuries CE, Indonesian history has been influenced by foreign powers drawn to its natural resources.
Indonesia consists of hundreds of native ethnic and linguistic groups. The largest — and politically dominant — ethnic group are the Javanese, a shared identity has developed, defined by a national language, ethnic diversity, religious pluralism within a Muslim-majority population, and a history of colonialism and rebellion against it.
Indonesias national motto, Bhinneka Tunggal Ika, articulates the diversity that shapes the country, Indonesias economy is the worlds 16th largest by nominal GDP and the 8th largest by GDP at PPP, the largest in Southeast Asia, and is considered an emerging market and newly industrialised country. Indonesia has been a member of the United Nations sinceIndonesia is a member of the G20 major economies and World Trade Organization.
InGeorge Windsor Earl, an English ethnologist, proposed the terms Indunesians—and, his preference, in the same publication, one of his students, James Richardson Logan, used Indonesia as a synonym for Indian Archipelago. Australia — Australia, officially the Commonwealth of Australia, is a country comprising the mainland of the Australian continent, the island of Tasmania and numerous smaller islands.
It is the worlds sixth-largest country by total area, the neighbouring countries are Papua New Guinea, Indonesia and East Timor to the north, the Solomon Islands and Vanuatu to the north-east, and New Zealand to the south-east. Australias capital is Canberra, and its largest urban area is Sydney, for about 50, years before the first British settlement in the late 18th century, Australia was inhabited by indigenous Australians, who spoke languages classifiable into roughly groups.
The population grew steadily in subsequent decades, and by the s most of the continent had been explored, on 1 Januarythe six colonies federated, forming the Commonwealth of Australia. Australia has since maintained a liberal democratic political system that functions as a federal parliamentary constitutional monarchy comprising six states. The population of 24 million is highly urbanised and heavily concentrated on the eastern seaboard, Australia has the worlds 13th-largest economy and ninth-highest per capita income.
With the second-highest human development index globally, the country highly in quality of life, health, education, economic freedom. The name Australia is derived from the Latin Terra Australis a name used for putative lands in the southern hemisphere since ancient times, the Dutch adjectival form Australische was used in a Dutch book in Batavia into refer to the newly discovered lands to the south. On 12 DecemberMacquarie recommended to the Colonial Office that it be formally adopted, inthe Admiralty agreed that the continent should be known officially as Australia.
The first official published use of the term Australia came with the publication of The Australia Directory and these first inhabitants may have been ancestors of modern Indigenous Australians. The Torres Strait Islanders, ethnically Melanesian, were originally horticulturists, the northern coasts and waters of Australia were visited sporadically by fishermen from Maritime Southeast Asia.
The first recorded European sighting of the Australian mainland, and the first recorded European landfall on the Australian continent, are attributed to the Dutch.
The first ship and crew to chart the Australian coast and meet with Aboriginal people was the Duyfken captained by Dutch navigator, Willem Janszoon. He sighted the coast of Cape York Peninsula in earlythe Dutch charted the whole of the western and northern coastlines and named the island continent New Holland during the 17th century, but made no attempt at settlement.
William Dampier, an English explorer and privateer, landed on the north-west coast of New Holland ininJames Cook sailed along and mapped the east coast, which he named New South Wales and claimed for Great Britain. The first settlement led to the foundation of Sydney, and the exploration, a British settlement was established in Van Diemens Land, now known as Tasmania, inand it became a separate colony in The United Kingdom formally claimed the part of Western Australia in Separate colonies were carved from parts of New South Wales, South Australia inVictoria inthe Northern Territory was founded in when it was excised from South Australia 6.
It shares land borders with India and Myanmar, Nepal, Bhutan and China are located near Bangladesh but do not share a border with it.
The countrys maritime territory in the Bay of Bengal is roughly equal to the size of its land area, Bangladesh is the worlds eighth most populous country. Dhaka is its capital and largest city, followed by Chittagong which has the countrys largest port, Bangladesh forms the largest and eastern part of the Bengal region. The politically dominant Bengali Muslims make the nation the worlds third largest Muslim-majority country, most of Bangladesh is covered by the Bengal delta, the largest delta on Earth.
The country has rivers and 8, km of inland waterways, highlands with evergreen forests are found in the northeastern and southeastern regions of the country. Bangladesh has many islands and a coral reef and it is home to the Sundarbans, the largest mangrove forest in the world.
The countrys biodiversity includes a vast array of plant and wildlife, including critically endangered Bengal tigers, the Greeks and Romans identified the region as Gangaridai, a powerful kingdom of the historical subcontinent, in the 3rd century BCE. Archaeological research has unearthed several ancient cities in Bangladesh, which had trade links for millennia.
The Bengal Sultanate and Mughal Bengal transformed the region into a cosmopolitan Islamic imperial power between the 14th and 18th centuries, the region was home to many principalities which had inland naval prowess. It was also a center of the worldwide muslin and silk trade. The region witnessed the Bengali Language Movement in and the Bangladesh Liberation War inafter independence, a parliamentary republic was established.
A presidential government was in place between andfollowed by a return to parliamentary democracy, the country has also been affected by poverty, natural disasters, hunger, dominant party systems and military coups. The objective of the study was to determine the effects of the hill running for development of endurance ability among sepak takraw players. The sample for the present study consists of 20 Male male sepak takraw players out of which 10 are experimental group and 10 are controlled group.
Hill running training such as short hills, medium hills, long hills, mixed hills running were given to experimental group on alternate days for eight weeks along with general training of sepak takraw and control group were given the general training of sepak takraw.
This study shows that the experimental group has got rapid improvement due to Hill running compare to control group. It was concluded that due to Hill running there is a improvement of Aerobic Endurance.
It was recommended that the coaches must include the Hill running programs to athletes for development of endurance.
Rajesh Kumar kick ball. The choosing of this name for the sport E-mail: Endurance is the important motor ability for agility and dexterity in kicking very high objects sepak takraw players. The basic elements of and flexibility all play a part in both sports. It is explosive power and agility. Sepak Takraw is primarily determined by energy liberation process. Playing Volleyball with the Feet. Sepak takraw is Endurance is directly or indirectly of high a skill ball game originated from Asia.
It combines importance in all sports. Endurance is the ability the teamwork of volleyball, the dexterity of soccer to do sports movements, with the desired quality and the finesse of badminton. In Thailand, it is and speed, under conditions of fatigue. Endurance called takraw, but the official name of this is a very important ability in sports. In sports internationally recognized game is sepak takraw. Good endurance also ensures high quality exciting sports, both to play and to watch, yet it is or skill of movement execution which finds relatively unknown outside of Southeast Asia.
Endurance training results in the equipment or preparation but it does require quick improvement of functioning of various organs and reflexes, coordination, agility and above all, systems of the human body. This in turn improves technique. The importance of endurance Regus, a team of three players each, on a court for recovery assumes much more relevance during separated by a net similar to badminton.
It begins completion i. Endurance performances are player to the Server. Then, the players try to beat of different nature indifferent sports. Endurance their opponents using their legs and head, except activities have been found to be of high value for their hands, inside three kicks.
The highlight is the maintenance of good organic health, for increasing "spike". This is the most dramatic and explosive the general resistance against infection and for move in the game for spectators to watch as cure and treatment of various diseases and players go mid-air, twisting and turning to power metabolic disorder. Significance of the Study takraw, players can use either a net, a hoop, or simply stand around in a circle formation.
The significance of this study was to find Whatever the style, the object is to kick the ball to out effect of hill running for development of another player without the ball touching the aerobic endurance among Sepak Takraw players ground.
Sepak takraw combines ball skills of Hyderabad district which will be helpful to kicking and juggling with the agility and Coaches and Trainers to develop the endurance acrobatic moves of gymnasts and the instinctive ability. This Study will bring true facts of sports reflexes of competitive badminton players. This training to develop the endurance ability among sport seems to have its origins in ancient Thailand the sepak takraw players.
There is a 3. Objectives of the Study strong martial arts tradition in Thailand with Muay Thai Boxing originating from and still being The objective of the study was to widely practiced there today.
Because of this determine the effects of the hill running for strong tradition of martial arts which relies on development of endurance ability among sepak powerful kicks, the sport may have come about as takraw players.
International Sepaktakraw Federation
The Running on Hills is a form of Strength kicking aspect of Muay Thai and the kicking training that can improve the endurance on the aspect of Sepak Takraw are fairly similar and track and road. Long hills a Helps develop power and muscle elasticity. A long hill is one which takes from 90 b Improves stride frequency and length. Here most of the c Develops co-ordination, encouraging the energy comes from aerobic sources, but if parts of proper use of arm action during the driving the hill are steep and they are running them hard, phase and feet in support phase.
The athlete's the shorter hills, and so perhaps would not be used energy source on short hills is entirely anaerobic.Sepak Takraw Championship Unit 2 vs Unit 1 1st Regu (Provincial Meet)
They are particularly good for the which has vigorous arm drive and high knee lift, cross country or road runner who was running with the hips kept high, so that they are 'running distances of 10, m and upwards.