On this day, the first Continental Congress meets in Philadelphia - National Constitution Center
The First Continental Congress was a meeting by the colonies in response to the - Washington had become a key supporter of the colonial cause 2. The First Continental Congress convened in Carpenters' Hall in Philadelphia, Delegates from twelve of Britain's thirteen American colonies met to discuss America's Facing a war with neighboring Native American tribes, the state did not want to When Congress convened on September 5, , Peyton Randolph of. The First Continental Congress took place from September 5 through They made a plan to meet again in May of if the British did not meet their demands.
Carpenter's Hall was also the seat of the Pennsylvania Congress. All of the colonies except Georgia sent delegates.
These were elected by the people, by the colonial legislatures, or by the committees of correspondence of the respective colonies. The colonies presented there were united in a determination to show a combined authority to Great Britain, but their aims were not uniform at all.
Continental Congress - HISTORY
Pennsylvania and New York sent delegates with firm instructions to seek a resolution with England. The other colonies voices were defensive of colonial rights, but pretty evenly divided between those who sought legislative parity, and the more radical members who were prepared for separation.
Virginia's delegation was made up of a most even mix of these and not incidentally, presented the most eminent group of men in America.
- First Continental Congress convenes
- Continental Congress
Benjamin Harrison, Richard Bland, and at the head of them Peyton Randolph — who would immediately be elected president of the convention. The objectives of the body were not entirely clear but, with such leadership as was found there, a core set of tasks was carried out. It was agreeable to all that the King and Parliament must be made to understand the grievances of the colonies and that the body must do everything possible to communicate the same to the population of America, and to the rest of the world.
The first few weeks were consumed in discussion and debate.
First Continental Congress convenes - HISTORY
Blog First Continental Congress The idea of an intercolonial meeting was advanced in by Benjamin Franklinbut failed to gain much support until after the Port of Boston was closed in response to the Boston Tea Party. When in May,the Boston Committee of Correspondence circulated letter urging the colonies to stop trading with England, the response from New York's Committee of 51, where the discussion was dominated by merchants, declined to participate in a boycott of English trade and suggested instead a continental congress: Upon these reasons we conclude that a congress of deputies from the colonies in general is of the utmost moment; that it ought to be assembled without delay, and some unanimous resolution formed in this fatal emergency, not only respecting your deplorable circumstances, but for the security of our common rights.
On May 27,the Virginia House of Burgesses proposed a continental congress. A special convention was held on August 1 to elect delegates to the meeting in Philadelphia the following month.
First Continental Congress
Twelve of the 13 colonies sent delegates. Georgia decided against roiling the waters; they were facing attacks from the restive Creek on their borders and desperately needed the support of regular British soldiers.
The Congress, which continued in session until late October, did not advocate independence; it sought rather to right the wrongs that had been inflicted on the colonies and hoped that a unified voice would gain them a hearing in London. Joseph Galloway of Pennsylvania, representing conservative views, introduced a "Plan of Union of Great Britain and the Colonies," which began on a highly conciliatory note: Resolved, that this Congress will apply to His Majesty for a redress of grievances under which his faithful subjects in America labor; and assure him that the colonies hold in abhorrence the idea of being considered independent communities on the British government, and most ardently desire the establishment of a political union, not only among themselves but with the mother state, upon chose principles of safety and freedom which are essential in the constitution of all free governments, and particularly that of the British legislature.
Galloway's plan was well received by many delegates but was supported by only five colonies, against six opposed. Galloway's tendency towards compromise was soon eclipsed with the arrival of the Suffolk Resolves. They were mostly people of social standing and made their livings from trade, farming and the law.
The Declaration of Independence
Many were initially unknown to one another and vast differences existed on some of the issues, but important friendships flourished. Frequent dinners and gatherings were held and were attended by all except the spartan Sam Adams.
Major actions taken by the Congress included the following: Galloway Plan of Union. The first order of business was consideration of Pennsylvania conservative Joseph Galloway's plan for the creation of an American parliament to act in concert with the existing British body. Before the Galloway proposal could be decided, Paul Revere rode into town bearing the Suffolk Resolves, a series of political statements that had been forwarded to Philadelphia by a number of Boston-area communities.