What Happened After The Expedition: Sacagawea's Death
– ) accompanied the Lewis and Clark Corps of Discovery expedition in Remarkably, Sacagawea did it all while caring for the son she bore just two. But admiration for Sacajawea, while certainly not unmerited, has been based on a While there is certainly adventure in the journals, only one member of the Corps of Discovery dies (and worse, .. high standard which the Frenchman or the Natives ignore or cannot meet. And that diaphanous cloud, ‑ was it a dress ?. keywords: Sacagawea, pregnancy, cold, travel narrative, Corps of Discovery, menstruation discussion of health matters on the expedition, Eldon Chuinard does littìe to discuss the infection with the parasite Trichinella from a recent meal of grizzly bear meat: David J. Peck, style of dress of both men and women.
Roberts was asked by an historian, Blanche Schroer, and he honestly replied that, "All I know is I buried an old Indian woman. Wishful thinking by a proud tribe may have understandably affected this web of miss-beliefs.
Because of this deception, a modern day burial site was erected on the Shoshone Reservation, in Wyoming, and it is complete with a memorial plaque stating her long life. The truth is that Sacagawea was not buried in Wyoming, nor was she born there, and her Shoshone Tribe did not inhabit Wyoming at the time of Sacagawea's life.
During her childhood, the Shoshone were in Montana and Idaho, where their villages dotted the meadowlands near the junction of the Salmon and Lemhi Rivers. Evidence that Sacagawea's Band of Shoshone lived in this area and not in Wyoming, is confirmed by both Lewis and Clark in their daily journals. They recorded the fact that as the Expedition proceeded up the Jefferson River, Sacagawea recognized a large rock formation called "Beaver's Head" and that she announced that her tribe would be found on "a river beyond the mountains and running to the west.
And not only was the Shoshone Tribe of her childhood in the area as she had predicted, but the explorers soon discovered that her brother Cameahwait had become their Chief Lewis, Knowing the "slave-like" treatment commonly given to females in the Shoshone Band of Sacagawea's origin, as described in journal notes by several Expedition members, the false monument appears to serve merely a commercial and sentimental cause.
The truth is, that nobody cared enough about her life after the Expedition, either white or Native American, to make significant notice and appreciation of the important details of her life and her death. Sacagawea's female status and her ethnic identity in the early 's, kept her in the background of both white and tribal society. Only after the Expedition's incredible value became popularly, and politically well accepted, did Sacagawea's personal courage, sacrifices and contributions to the opening of the West gain the recognition they deserve.
Lizzette and Charbonneau are listed as having survived the Indian massacre, but Sacagawea's name is not listed as being killed in the raid and she is not listed as being a survivor.
Most historians today believe this is because she had died of an illness two months before the raid. And historians agree that all written records, especially those surrounding the determination of her children as being orphans inand that no further mention is made of her as being alive in any written record or diary, point to the fact that she was gone by late or early The majority of historians accept the December date.
On the trip home, Clark enjoyed Baptist's obvious intelligence and developing curiosity about the world around him. Clark named a rock formation on the south side of the Yellowstone River, as well as a nearby creek after Baptiste. Baptiste would never see his mother again. This is where Baptiste was when Sacagawea died of an illness and his father and sister were killed in the Indian raid on Fort Manuel. At age 18, Baptiste left school for the frontier life.
The Prince was drawn to Baptiste because of his reputation on the Expedition and his good frontiersman skills. The Prince had Baptiste accompany him to Europe where he spent 6 years learning 4 languages and enjoyed the lifestyle of European royalty. On August 17, after five years of separation, Sacagawea and Cameahwait had an emotional reunion.
Then, through their intepreting chain of the captains, Labiche, Charbonneau, and Sacagawea, the expedition was able to purchase the horses it needed. Sacagawea turned out to be incredibly valuable to the Corps as it traveled westward, through the territories of many new tribes. Some of these Indians, prepared to defend their lands, had never seen white men before.
As Clark noted on October 19,the Indians were inclined to believe that the whites were friendly when they saw Sacagawea.
A war party never traveled with a woman -- especially a woman with a baby.
Lewis and Clark . Native Americans . Shoshone Indians | PBS
During council meetings between Indian chiefs and the Corps where Shoshone was spoke, Sacagawea was used and valued as an interpreter. On November 24,when the expedition reached the place where the Columbia River emptied into the Pacific Ocean, the captains held a vote among all the members to decide where to settle for the winter.
As a result of the election, the Corps stayed at a site near present-day Astoria, Oregon, in Fort Clatsop, which they constructed and inhabited during the winter of While at Fort Clatsop, local Indians told the expedition of a whale that had been stranded on a beach some miles to the south.
Clark assembled a group of men to find the whale and possibly obtain some whale oil and blubber, which could be used to feed the Corps. Lewis wrote on January 6, Clark noted on July 13,that "The Indian woman, who has been of great service to me as a pilot through this country, recommends a gap in the mountains more south which I shall cross.
Here Charbonneau and Sacajawea decided to remain. Clark offered to adopt their son Jean Baptiste, whom he had affectionately called "Pomp" on the trip. They accepted Clark's offer for a later time after the infant was weaned.
On the return trip to St.
Louis, Clark wrote a letter to Charbonneau, inviting him to come live and work in St. Controversy Remains over Sacagawea's Later Years There is strong evidence to indicate that Sacajawea lived for only a few short years after parting ways with the Lewis and Clark expedition. It may be that Charbonneau accepted Clark's invitation to come to Missouri and farm land. On April 2,a lawyer and traveler named Henry Brackenridge was on a boat from St.
He noted in his journal for that day cited in Ella E. The woman, a good creature, of a mild and gentle disposition, was greatly attached to the whites, whose manners and dress she tried to imitate; but she had become sickly, and longed to revisit her native country; her husband, also, who had spent many years amongst the Indians, was become weary of a civilized life.
Louis Jean Baptiste later became a respected interpreter and mountain man took their infant daughter named Lizette, and traveled to the Missouri Fur Company of Manuel Lisa in South Dakota. An employee of the fur company, John C. Luttig, recorded in his journal on December 20, In addition, William Clark published an account book for the period ofin which he listed the members of the expedition and whether they were then either living or dead.
He recorded Sacajawea as deceased. Another theory of Sacajawea's life, supported among others by an early biographer, Dr. Grace Hebard of the University of Wyoming, relates that Sacajawea actually left her husband, took her son Jean Baptiste and adopted son— named Bazil—and went to live with the Comanches. There she married a man named Jerk Meat and bore five more children. Later, Sacajawea returned to her homeland to live with her Shoshone people at what was now the Wind River Agency.
She was called Porivo "Chief" at Wind River and became an active tribal leader. She was reported by some Shoshones, Indian agents, and missionaries to have died at the age of about in and to have been buried at Fort Washakie.
Opponents of this theory argue that the woman who called herself Sacajawea was actually another Shoshone woman. The Shoshones of Fort Washakie have started a project to document the descendants of Sacajawea.
As of mid, more than Shoshones who can trace their ancestry to Sacajawea have been counted. Many among them believe that she indeed lived a long and full life.
From the time of her marriage, Sacajawea's life became inextricably bound to a group of Anglo explorers and their quest for westward expansion. In spite of separation from her people, illness, physical abuse from her spouse, and an infant to care for, Sacajawea made key contributions to the success of the Lewis and Clark Expedition.
Her skills as an interpreter and as liaison between the Shoshone and the expedition, her knowledge of the flora and fauna and of the terrain along much of the route, and her common sense and good humor were key elements that contributed to the successful resolution of the journey.
Sacajawea has become one of the most memorialized women in American history. A bronze statue of her was exhibited during the centennial observance of the Lewis and Clark Expedition in St.