An theatrical analysis of Dr. Jekyll and Mr. Hyde - Reflections in a Cracked Glass
Utterson pursues understanding Jekyll/Hyde despite what he knows to be risks that against fellow humanity and feeling pride about his relationship to humanity. Jekyll/Hyde's goal of splitting is his fatal flaw even more than his thirst for evil. Enfield, Utterson, Lanyon and Jekyll are all acutely aware of social . murder by choosing to keep Hyde and Jekyll's relationship secret. A summary of Themes in Robert Louis Stevenson's Dr. Jekyll and Mr. Hyde. the last chapter, when the complete story of the Jekyll-Hyde relationship is revealed. than reason; Utterson describes him as a “troglodyte,” or primitive creature.
Stevenson seems to discard Christian notions of monism and embrace dualism as described above. The novel needs to be looked at in the context of its setting of Victorian London. Stevenson seems to make a comment not only about the dualism present in every individual but also in society as a whole, where the aristocracy that superficially was genteel and refined, had dark secrets to hide behind the high walls of the mansions in which they lived.
Most of the action takes place in the night time and much of it in the poorer districts of London, considered the abode of evil-doers.
A study in dualism: The strange case of Dr. Jekyll and Mr. Hyde
Hyde enters and leaves Dr. Plato for instance was strongly dualistic in that he expressed the view that the soul exists independently of the body. The rational soul is a spiritual substance distinct from the body within which it dwells, much like the chariot and a charioteer.
This dualism enabled a wholly mathematical science of physics to come about where every fact in the material world was to be explained on basis of measurements. In this scheme, the psyche is immeasurable and thus not open to either understanding or intervention. Stevenson seems to eschew traditional mind—body dualism to a remarkably modern monistic way of looking at the mind—body functioning.
However, aggression as a component of the libidinal drives became increasingly important and could not be ignored. It was therefore elevated to the status of a separate instinct. It was further realized that humans were neither exclusively nor essentially good. Freud introduced his final theory of life and death instincts in Freud postulated that the death instinct is a dominant tendency of all organisms and their cells to return to a state of inanimateness. The death instinct represented the aggressive instincts and Freud later separated the libidinal and aggressive instincts from the ego and located them in a vital stratum of the mind which is independent of the ego.
Hyde would seem easily recognizable as the id, seeking instant gratification, having an aggressive instinct, and having no moral or social mores that need be followed. He takes pleasure in violence and similar to the death instinct ultimately leads to his own destruction.
Jekyll is then the ego; he is conscious and rational, and is dominated by social principles. He has a difficult time juggling between the demands of the id, represented by Mr. Hyde, and the superego as represented by the proclaimed and implicit morals of Victorian society which prided itself on refinement and goodness, and is shocked by the seeming nonchalance with which Edward Hyde indulges in his debaucheries. In the novel, Dr. Jekyll gives in to his impulses and after initial pleasure soon cannot control their power.
Rather than let Mr. Hyde go free and realizing that Hyde needs Jekyll to exist, he decides to end his own life. Further, by labeling Mr. Edward Hyde represents a regression to an earlier, less civilized, and more violent phase of human development. Hyde can be seen at various levels. As a story, it talks about the concept of good and evil that exists in all of us.
At another level, it is a critique on the hypocrisy and double standards of the society. It is also an interesting study into the mind of the author and into the theories of dualism. Finally, it can be seen as a remarkable study into human psychology that presaged the structural personality theories as detailed by Freud. Stich S, Warfield T, editors. The Blackwell guide to philosophy of mind.
BBC Bitesize - GCSE English Literature - Characters - AQA - Revision 4
Hyde New York: The strange case of Robert Louis Stevenson. Genetic heterogeneity of mannose-binding proteins: The Jekyll and Hyde of innate immunity? Am J Hum Genet. The duality of the brain and the multiplicity of minds: Utterson, a circumspect lawyer who, against his better instincts, becomes enmeshed in uncovering the relationship between the good Dr.
Jekyll and the evil Mr. Philosophical and psychological dimensions of Jekyll and Hyde: The question is pseudo-philosophic and pseudo-psychological because we know the answer: To the degree we recognize the humanness in the other, identical at base to our own, we naturally tend to respond well, not needing either moral code or fear of consequences to hold ourselves in line. This is exactly what goes wrong in the psychopath: It is a matter of knowing that the other is a human being like oneself as so as deserving of joy and not terrible pain that impels to act compassionately rather than rapaciously.
Jekyll, despite being an apparently decent person and dedicate scientist, turns his intelligence to nefarious ends. He chooses to become Hyde. Interestingly, in the original novella we know little about what, precisely, Dr. Jekyll does when he becomes Mr. Hyde, other than that his behavior is cruel and horrible. In the Stevenson story we know of only two crimes: First, when he runs headlong into a young girl, he stomps on her and leaves her injured in the street without a backward glance.
Second, in an encounter with a highly respectable stranger, Mr. Hyde becomes enraged and bludgeons the gentleman to death with his cane. Movie versions have also introduced the notion that Dr.
Hyde is the successful conclusion of what Dr. Jekyll as aiming for, not some colossal error.
His only error was his belief that he would be able to continually turn himself back to Dr. But whatever is the sum total of what Mr. Hyde is, it is something to which Dr. Jekyll is clearly addicted. He lusts to be Mr. So it is certainly true that every bit of who Dr. Jekyll is, is made real in Mr. So what makes Jekyll and Hyde fascinating to us as vibrant a myth as Greek mythology was to the Greeks? The notion of good and evil embodied in the same being, separated only by a single act drinking of the potion or its antidote has a fascination, despite its status as something of a trope, its cliched overuse.
Some psychiatrists argue that the psychopath want to be undone, requires that violence be revealed. This truth of this assertion is uncertain: But this is ultimately the case with Dr. Jekyll who begins to find his transformation into Mr. Jekyll knows that he contains both good and evil. His explicit goal is to separate these two into separate beings. This is far more important than the opportunity to commit evil while avoiding detection.
He does not in Dr. Jekyll, the scientist, dissociate himself from his acts of evil, but it is his goal to be able to dissociate the two sides of human nature and thus, in an ultimate act of hubris, succeed in being BOTH good and evil. All humans, it could be argued,will under certain internal emotions and external conditions, wish to do terrible harm to another human or other humans.