This paper makes an attempt to throw light on the man – woman relationship in Henric . Torvald Helmer is a protector, a dominating romantic hero, while Nora is a . The differences between man and woman are believed as an act of God. Ibsen's plays, there is often a relationship, the psychodynamics o f which are portrayed wit . Nora i s convinced that Torvald loves her so "deeply" an d. " intensely" tha t .. "God! What an awakening!" (ac t 3). The play has been building toward. Throughout the act, Nora Helmer's husband Torvald uses several This manipulation from Torvald towards Nora is quite significant as it leads Nora Marji's relationship with God · How is madness or insanity explored in the.
In 19th century the romanticism drama appears. In its purest form, Romanticism concentrated on the spiritual, which would allow humankind to transcend the limitations of the physical world and body and find an ideal truth. The Romantics focused on emotion rather than rationality, drew their examples from a study of the real world rather than the ideal, and glorified the idea of the artist as a mad genius unfettered by rules.
Romanticism dominated the theatre of most of Europe. Many of the ideas and practices of Romanticism were evident in the late 18th- century Sturm und Drang movement of Germany led by Goethe Faust. Henrik Ibsen who worked in theatre as dramatist at the time, brings a different genre of drama which is usually performed at the time.
Bjorn Hemmer stated that for half of a century, Ibsen had devoted his life and his energies to the art of drama, and he had won international acclaim as the greatest and most influential dramatist of his time. In his lifetime, his works was often considered as a scandal.
When Victorian values was hold strongly in family life and in society of Europe. Any challenge that against those values were judged as an immoral action and will provoke the anger of society. Ibsen's works investigate the realities that lay behind many walls in the European society at the time. On the surface, the middle-class homes gave an impression of success - and appeared to reflect a picture of a healthy and stable society. But Ibsen dramatizes the hidden conflicts in this society by opening the doors of those walls, and secret rooms of the bourgeois homes.
He shows what can be hiding behind those beautiful walls: Each drama at the time was expected to end with conclusions that are morally appropriate, in case that goodness will bring happiness, and immorality will only bring misery. But Ibsen challenged this understanding and belief of his day and destroys the illusion of the audience by bringing a different type of drama, realistic drama.
We take for granted nowadays that almost any woman can have a career if she applies herself. We take for granted that women can choose whether or not to marry, and whether or not to have children, and how many. According to Helena WojtczakWomen of the midth century had no such choices. Most lived in a state little better than slavery. Most women had little choice but to marry and upon doing so everything they owned, inherited and earned automatically belonged to their husband.
This meant that if an offence or felony was committed against her, only her husband could prosecute. Furthermore, rights to the woman personally - that is, access to her body - were his. Not only was this assured by law, but the woman herself agreed to it verbally: Wojtczak stated that every man had the right to force his wife into sex and childbirth. He could take her children without reason and send them to be raised elsewhere.
He could spend his wife's inheritance on a mistress or on prostitutes. Sometime, somewhere, all these things - and a great many more - happened. To give but one example, Susannah Palmer escaped from her adulterous husband in after suffering many years of brutal beatings, and made a new life.
- A Doll’s House
She worked, saved, and created a new home for her children. Her husband found her, stripped her of all her possessions and left her destitute, with the blessing of the law. In a fury she stabbed him, and was immediately prosecuted.
A Doll’s House | North Cobb Christian's Literature Forum
From the explanation above, the writer concludes that there is a big gap and lack of relationship between husband and wife, which is the man as a husband has full authority on her wife and it strengthen by the law that occur at the time. What are the dimensions of the hypothetical ideal husband — wife relationship? Barbara Jonesstated that the ideal family would have a spirit of easy sharing and a lack of possessiveness.
There would be an open exchange of feelings, thoughts, ideas, good times, and humour. Communication between husband and wife is the key. A husband and wife relationship is based on love, respect and communication. Husband — Wife Relationship; Communication in Marriage: According to Jonesa husband has to perform many important roles for working his marriage successfully.
He and his wife must work equally towards marital growth and responsibility together. In islam view, It is very sad that this relationship which Allah SWT has established for the good has been made a source of contention, deception, trickery, tyranny, humiliation, and abuse.
This is not the way marriage is supposed to be. He created for you mates from among yourselves, that ye may dwell in tranquillity with them, and He has put love and mercy between your hearts. The writer uses descriptive analysis method to describe about the husband-wife relationship, and position of woman as wife in a family. In this research, the writer uses two sources of data. They are primary and secondary data. The secondary data is obtained from book, articles and information from the internet that discuss about drama, the relationship of husband-wife, the concept of marriage in 19th century European society, the position of woman as wife in a family and the inferiority of woman and feminism theory.
Based on the source of data before, the writer carried out the technique as follow, 1 Read carefully the drama script 7 times carefully and tried to find out the content of the drama. They are taken from books, article about the relationship of husband wife, marriage in 19th century European society, the position of woman as wife in a family and feminism theory. Then, in achieving the objective of the research, the writer employs some techniques, they are: The condition between a husband and a wife in marriage of Nora and Helmer can be related to the theory of social feminism which is stated by Simone de Beauvoir and Mary Wollstonecraft.
The first condition that shows the lack of marriage between Nora and Helmer is no equal level between them. She finally realizes that her position in a family is inferior. It is strengthen by the dialogues below: And you have always been so kind to me. But our home has been nothing but playroom.
I thought it great fun when you played with me, just as they thought it great fun I played with them. That is what our marriage has been, Torvald. It implies that Nora feels she is inferior. Besides that, the condition of marriage between them that finally cannot be maintained also caused by there is no equation between Nora and Helmer as a husband and a wife.
Wollstonecraft accepts the definition of her time that women's sphere is the home, but she does not isolate the home from public life as many others did and as many still do. For Mary Wollstonecraft, the public life and domestic life are not separate, but connected. Men have duties in the family, too, and women have duties to the state.3 Minute Theology 1.3: What is the Relationship Between Persons of the Trinity?
She believes that a stable marriage is a partnership between a husband and a wife. It is strengthen by her argument in her book A Vindication of Rights of Woman, which is stated that a marriage is a social contract between two individuals.
A woman thus needs to have equal knowledge and sense, to maintain the partnership. Moreover, the condition that shown in dialogue before strengthens the position of woman in a family is inferior.
Wollstonecraft also strengthens that only when woman and man are equally free, and woman and man are equally dutiful in exercise of their responsibilities to family and state, can there be true freedom. As Mary Wollstonecraft has stated before, with equality between husband and wife, a stable marriage will emerge by itself.
And a stable marriage surely will represent a nice relationship in all aspects of family, including mutual understanding easy sharing and an open communication. But by the turbidity condition between Nora and Helmer in their marriage, the condition that occurs is contradicted with the statement that Mary had stated about a stable marriage before.
The condition that occurs in marriage of Nora and Helmer are lack of sharing mutual understanding and lack of communication. The condition that shows is strengthened by dialogues below: You must simply listen to what I say, Torvald, this is a settling of accounts. Does it not occur to you that this is the first time we two, you and I, husband and wife, had a serious conversation? What do you mean by serious?
In all these eight years — longer than that — from the very beginning of our acquaintance, we never exchanged a word on any serious subject. Instead, the dialogues above show the lack of relationship between Nora and Helmer as a husband and a wife. The husband always sees her wife as a weak creature, less intelligent and everything that less than man is in woman.
But I claimed this drama supports feminism. After read and analysed the drama, I can found some feminism aspects, especially social feminism. She was happy in the knowledge that she could please Torvald Helmer, her husband, with her pretty tricks and that Torvald Helmer being the champion of honour and would lay down his life in order to protect her and his family.
Her illusion is finally broken when she is confronted by the reality of her situation. There are several things that show some oppression that Nora; wife of Torvald Helmer, get from her husband. The feminists stated that the woman get several limitation from the authority of husband which the wife only get freedom in domestic area. It showed when Nora says to Christine that she stealthy has got a job outside the domestic are.
Well, I have found other ways of earning money. Last winter I was lucky enough to get a lot of copying to do; so I locked myself up and sat writing every evening until quite late at night.
Many a time I was desperately tired; but all the same it was a tremendous pleasure to sit there working and earning money. It was like being a man. In the other hand, we could say that domestic area is just for woman and public area is for man. But Nora shows her struggle against that rule by getting such job. Nora is the best illustration of the illusioned woman who lives in a society where the male oppresses the female and reduces to a mere doll or plaything.
Nora is a doll who lives in her fake doll houses, which strengthen the fragile idea of a stable family living under a patriarchal and traditional roof. De Beauvoir The Second Sex: Then, her father handed her to her husband who treated her like a valued possession not like a human creature. But you would have it so, You and papa have commited a great sin against me. It is your fault that I have made nothing of my life. When woman is accompanied by the gift of beauty, these attributes will ensure them the protection of man.
A Doll’s House: An Untapped Resource
It is shown when Helmer persuades Nora, his wife. Try and calm you self, and make your mind easy again, my frightened little singing-bird. Be at rest, and feel secure; I have broad wings to shelter you under. Walks up and down by the door. How warm and cosy our home is, Nora. It will come, little by little, Nora, believe me. Tomorrow morning you will look upon it all quite differently; soon everything will be just as it was before.
Can you suppose I should ever think of such a thing as repudiating you, or even reproaching you? There is something so indescribably sweet and satisfying, to a man, in the knowledge that he has forgiven his wife — forgiven her freely, and with all his heart. It seem as if that he made her, as it were, doubly his own; he has given her a new life, so to speak; and she has in a way become both wife and child to him. So you shall be for me after this, my little sacred, helpless darling.
Have no anxiety about anything, Nora; only be frank and open with me, and I will serve as will and conscience to you. Not gone to bed? Have you changed your mind? He forbids her to eat macaroons; he makes her dance for him, dresses up and recites for him. Society of that time used Christianity as proof text for its standards.
Forgiveness, generosity and concern are biblical standards present in that worldview, but the Bible was also used rationale to justify oppression without reference to the dignity of all human life in Christ. The notion that a wife was property of her husband predated Christianity in northern Europe, and just as Scripture was used to justify human slavery it was used to justify this system.
Religion may help support society values, but if society is the one setting the values, then religion is diminished and emptied. Faith values only have power if the individual or the society is willing to put them first and conform their wants and values accordingly.
Faith values are about helping individuals and societies becomes their best selves, which human beings are ingenious in circumventing. Faith values also help us process crises in a manner that respects the dignity of all, rather than blindly reinforcing stereotypes.
In the end, neither Nora or Torvald are able to process their issues through the eyes of faith because in many ways their faith is superficial, routine and ossified. Nora is able to give herself to the needs of her relationships with her men but refuses to process the moral consequences; Torvald is obsessed with the moral consequences of actions but refuses to process the nature of his relationships and how he should be committed to them.
They have tragically complimentary blind spots, and both are lost in the superficial aspects of their lives until the threat of blackmail jars things apart. At a time they need deep understanding and insight, they are missing the tools a reflected faith can supply. Neither are able to seek for their answers in the life of Christ, because they have no experience looking there.