Pentecost - Wikipedia
SHAVUOT – PENTECOST – Part 2 – CELEBRATION! and death, and the link in lineage between Ruth, David and Messiah is celebrated. The counting reminds us of the important connection between Passover and Shavu'ot has no particular similarity to the Christian holiday of Pentecost, which. Shavuot as celebrated by Jews around the world is a superb In contrast with Pesach and Succot, the Torah does not link it to any particular episode of Shavuot, which they call by its Greek name Pentecost (πεντηκοστύς.
People may learn alone or with a chavruta study partneror attend late-night shiurim lectures and study groups.
OverJews came to see and pray at the site that had been off-limits to them since The custom of walking to the Western Wall on Shavuot has continued every year since. The Tikkun Leil Shavuot "Rectification for Shavuot Night" consists of excerpts from the beginning and end of each of the 24 books of Tanakh including the reading in full of several key sections such as the account of the days of creationThe Exodusthe giving of the Ten Commandments and the Shema and the 63 books of Mishnah,   followed by the reading of Sefer Yetzirahthe commandments as enumerated by Maimonidesand excerpts from the Zoharwith opening and concluding prayers.
The whole reading is divided into thirteen parts, after each of which a Kaddish di-Rabbanan is recited when the Tikkun is studied with a minyan.
Shavuot – Pentecost
This service is held in most communities, with the notable exception of Spanish and Portuguese Jews. The service is printed in a special book, itself also called Tikkun Leil Shavuot. Confirmation ceremonies[ edit ] In the 19th century, several Orthodox synagogues in Britain and Australia held confirmation ceremonies for year-old girls on Shavuot, a precursor to the modern Bat Mitzvah. The graduating class stands in front of an open arkrecalling the standing of the Israelites at Mount Sinai for the giving of the Torah.
These discussions center around two ways of looking at Shavuot: Jose holds that it was given on the seventh of that month. According to the classical timeline, the Israelites arrived at the wilderness of Sinai on the new moon Ex.
Shavuot – Pentecost | HIS-ISRAEL
The question of whether the new moon fell on Sunday or Monday is undecided Talmud, tractate Shabbat 86b. In practice, Shavuot is observed on the sixth day of Sivan in Israel  and a second day is added in the Jewish diaspora in keeping with a separate rabbinical ruling that applies to all biblical holidays, called Yom tov sheni shel galuyotSecond-Day Yom Tov in the Diaspora.
It should begin "on the morrow after the Shabbat ", and continue to be counted for seven Sabbaths. The Talmudic Sages determined that "Shabbat" here means a day of rest and refers to the first day of Passover. Thus, the counting of the Omer begins on the second day of Passover and continues for the next 49 days, or seven complete weeks, ending on the day before Shavuot. According to this calculation, Shavuot will fall on the day of the week after that of the first day of Passover e.
Karaites differ in their understanding of "morrow after the Sabbath". Karaites interpret the Sabbath to be the first weekly Sabbath that falls during Passover. This is supported by Leviticus This seventh Sabbath can only be a weekly Sabbath, and thus the day after is automatically a Sunday.
None travelled empty handed for, apart from all they needed for the journey, they carried baskets filled with the first fruits of their crops, which they would bring to the Temple as an offering of gratitude to the generous Giver of all. The seven weeks they had counted since Passover were almost at an end, they had harvested the wheat crop, and now, before the days of the fast-approaching summer became too warm, they were gathering together in eager anticipation as one big family at the House of their Father to celebrate His goodness with offerings, music, dance, and feasting.
Counting the seven weeks of the Omer connects the springtime festivals of Passover, and the week ofUnleavened Bread with the climax of Shavuot, when, in a dramatic revelation of His Presence, God presented His Word to His people.
The Word One of the central themes of the Bible is the revelation of who God is and, as a result, who we are as His children created in His image. Through the blood of His Passover Lamb, Messiah, this salvation was made available for all peoples of the earth. He opened the way, the door to life, for all.
That was a wonderful beginning! Wait in anticipation — there is more! Now, at Sinai, He would present the blueprint for life in His Kingdom; the Constitution, as it were, which would instruct His people on how to create a kingdom on earth in which God is King.
They were both overwhelmed and terrified! The King knew, however, that this was not a one-time event. It was the start of an extended process — the forging and developing of an eternal relationship that, like any covenant relationship, would require constant, ongoing dialogue and interaction. By hearing, studying, and living this great gift of His Word, incarnated in Yeshua, we His people are enabled to grow in knowledge and love of our Bridegroom-King.
At the same time, we are enabled to grow in all the Kingdom potential our Father has planted within us. That Shavuot was a new day for the extension of the Kingdom of God on earth, which, beginning at His Holy House in Jerusalem, would now reach out to the far corners of the earth.
In some denominations, for example the Lutheran Church, even if an ordination or consecration of a deaconess is not celebrated on Pentecost, the liturgical color will invariably be red, and the theme of the service will be the Holy Spirit. Above all, Pentecost is a day for the Confirmation celebrations of youths.
Flowers, the wearing of white robes, or white dresses recalling Baptism, rites such as the laying on of handsand vibrant singing play prominent roles on these joyous occasions, the blossoming of Spring forming an equal analogy with the blossoming of youth. The typical image of Pentecost in the West is that of the Virgin Mary seated centrally and prominently among the disciples with flames resting on the crowns of their heads.
Occasionally, parting clouds suggesting the action of the "mighty wind",  rays of light and the Dove are also depicted. Of course, the Western iconographic style is less static and stylized than that of the East, and other very different representations have been produced, and, in some cases, have achieved great fame such as the Pentecosts by TitianGiottoand el Greco.
Paul already in the 1st century notes the importance of this festival to the early Christian communities. After the Council, Pentecost Monday is no longer solemnized. Nevertheless, Pentecost Monday remains an official festival in many Protestant churches, such as the Lutheran Church of Swedenthe Evangelical Lutheran Church of Finlandand others. In the Extraordinary Form of the liturgy of the Roman Catholic Church, as at Easter, the liturgical rank of Monday and Tuesday of Pentecost week is a Double of the First Class  and across many Western denominations, Pentecost is celebrated with an octave culminating on Trinity Sunday.
A typical Western image of the Pentecost. Duccio di Buoninsegna The Pentecost depicted in a 14th-century Missal Marking the festival's importance, in several denominations, such as the Lutheran, Episcopal, and United Methodist churches, and formerly in the Roman Catholic Church, all the Sundays from the holiday itself until Advent in late November or December are designated the 2nd, 3rd, Nth, Sunday after Pentecost, etc.
In some Evangelical and Pentecostal churches, where there is less emphasis on the liturgical yearPentecost may still be one of the greatest celebrations in the year, such as in Germany or Romania. In other cases, Pentecost may be ignored as a holy day in these churches. In many evangelical churches in the United States, the secular holiday, Mother's Daymay be more celebrated than the ancient and biblical feast of Pentecost.
Please help improve this article by adding citations to reliable sources. Unsourced material may be challenged and removed. May The Lutheran church of the Baroque observed three days of Pentecost. Some composers wrote sacred cantatas to be performed in the church services of these days. Johann Sebastian Bach composed several cantatas for Pentecostincluding Erschallet, ihr Lieder, erklinget, ihr Saiten! Richard Hillert wrote a Motet for the Day of Pentecost for choir, vibraphone, and prepared electronic tape in Violeta Dinescu composed Pfingstoratorium, an oratorio for Pentecost for five soloists, mixed chorus and small orchestra in Daniel Elder's 21st century piece, "Factus est Repente", for a cappella choir, was premiered in Customs and traditions[ edit ] In Italy it was customary to scatter rose petals from the ceiling of the churches to recall the miracle of the fiery tongues; hence in Sicily and elsewhere in Italy Whitsunday is called Pasqua rosatum.
The Italian name Pasqua rossa comes from the red colours of the vestments used on Whitsunday. Traditionally, Whit Fairs sometimes called Whitsun Ales  took place. Other customs such as morris dancing  and cheese rolling  are also associated with Whitsun. The Book of Common Prayer only once uses the word "Pentecost" for the festival. The exact origin of the relationship is not known.