A Doll House Act 3 Essay – Free Papers and Essays Examples
On the other hand, Krogstad and Christine's relationship is looked down upon Mrs. Linde as a Foil for Nora in in Ibsen's A Doll's House Essay. The Helmer marriage appears loving, but turns out to be based on lies, Mrs Linde sacrifices the true love of her life, Krogstad, and marries a man she does not. At the start of Act Three, Mrs. Linde presents herself to Krogstad – not to rescue Nora, but to propose marriage and thus to give her own life purpose. Krogstad is .
She gave up her true love, Krogstad, and married a man she did not love for financial security, to support her brothers and invalid mother. Since her husband died bankrupt, she has lived an independent life as a single working woman.
She has struggled financially and now that she has no one to look after, she feels empty. Finally, she gets back together with Krogstad and joyfully looks forward to their life together. Her journey from independence to marriage is a foil to Nora's journey in the opposite direction.
Mrs Linde is a force for truth in Nora's life; she is shocked by the deceptions in Nora's marriage and wants the Helmers to face the truth.
To this end she does not try to persuade Krogstad to recall his letter revealing all. Dr Rank Dr Rank is a friend of the Helmers' who visits them daily. He is a foil to Torvald in that he treats Nora as an intelligent human being and she in return speaks more openly to him than she does to her husband.
Dr Rank is dying of tuberculosis of the spine, which he inherited from his father, who contracted venereal disease due to sexual excesses. He refrains from telling Torvald of his imminent death because it is too "ugly" an idea for him to tolerate, but he does tell Nora, an indication of the bond between them. He talks with her about his coming death in a code that excludes Torvald and protects him from harsh reality.
However, Dr Rank is not entirely the straightforward truth-teller of dramatic tradition. His real motive for visiting the Helmers is that he is in love with Nora. Krogstad Krogstad is an employee at the bank at which Torvald is made manager. He leant Nora the money to take Torvald to Italy to recuperate.
He has committed an "indiscretion" in the past involving a crime similar to Nora's - forging a signature on a document. Since then, he has struggled to regain and maintain his respectability in the eyes of society. His job at the bank is a major part of this respectability. So when Torvald, who sees Krogstad as irredeemably morally tainted, decides to give his job to Mrs Linde, he resorts to blackmailing Nora.
Unless Nora persuades Torvald to keep Krogstad in his job he later extends this to a promotionhe will tell Torvald about her loan and her forgery of her father's signature. At first, Krogstad appears to be a grasping and vindictive villain. But as soon as Mrs Linde tells him that she has always loved him and asks him to resume their relationship, he reveals himself as a more loving, joyful and merciful character.
He is more concerned about the attractive appearance of his wife and home than he is about his wife's happiness.
A Doll's House: Theme Analysis
When she tries to convince him to keep Krogstad in his job, his main concern is what the bank employees will think of him if they believe he has been influenced by his wife. And even after he has rejected Nora, he wants her to remain under his roof to preserve the image of a respectable marriage.
Much of Krogstad's life has been affected by society's moral standards. He spent some time in disgrace after committing an "indiscretion," and resorts to blackmail in an attempt to keep his job as a mark of respectability.
His threat of blackmail gains its power from the immense authority that individuals vested in society's moral standards: Nora begins the play fulfilling a role that society prescribed for women - that of dutiful wife and mother. Her role is restricted to such activities as creating a beautiful home, meeting the needs of her husband and children, and singing and dancing prettily and seductively for her husband.
Ibsen does not suggest that there is anything inherently wrong with such duties, but he does point out the dangers of having an individual's life defined by society in a way that ignores their personal identity and journey. In leaving Torvald and her children, she will outrage society and stigmatize herself.
This is a terrible price to have to pay for self-fulfillment, but inevitable, given that society and the individual are so much at cross-purposes. Society wishes to preserve the status quo, whereas self-fulfillment often means pushing and breaking boundaries. Money The nineteenth century saw huge social and economic changes. Society shifted from a largely rural agricultural community of 'landed gentry' and land workers, to urban communities based on manufacturing.
More than ever before, what defined one's place in society was one's ability to make and control money. Those who controlled the money were the bankers and lawyers, like Torvald. They were almost invariably male. Their ability to control money enabled them to control others' lives, including defining morals. Torvald, because of his position at the bank, can afford to sit in moral judgment on Krogstad and Mrs Linde, and decide which of them should be allowed a job.
The first interactions we see between Nora and Torvald are about money; she knows that if she behaves in a certain subservient way, Torvald will give her more money. She later uses similar manipulations on Dr Rank, drawing attention to the way in which women in an unequal society tend to barter sexual favors in return for money. Torvald teases Nora about being a spendthrift: Nora's attempt to take partial control of the money in their marriage by taking out the loan ends in disaster, as Torvald feels morally shamed by her action.
It has put him at the mercy of Krogstad and, it is implied, compromised his standing as a man and a moral member of society.
A Doll House Act 3
Morality The theme of morality relates closely to that of the individual and society, in that society defines the suffocating moral climate that A Doll's House satirizes. Nora begins to question society's morals when she realizes how it would criminalize her for forging her father's signature, an action that she believes to be morally acceptable in the circumstances, if legally reprehensible.
The most heroic action of her life, her sacrifice to save her husband's life, becomes an unforgivable crime in the eyes of society and its dutiful representative, Torvald.
- A Doll's House: Character Profiles
It is not surprising that part of her journey of self-discovery at the play's end is to consist of finding out "who is right, the world or I.
Ibsen partially subverts the notion of the 'moral foil' in the characters of Dr Rank and Mrs Linde.
A Doll's House: Theme Analysis | Novelguide
They arrive in the play at the same time, which alerts us to the fact that they share a dramatic purpose. To some extent, they are truth-bringers in the false setup of the Helmer marriage.
Mrs Linde decides not to persuade Krogstad to recall his letter, as she believes it is time the Helmers faced the truth about their marriage. And Dr Rank talks to Nora as the intelligent person she is, not as the silly doll-child that Torvald prefers.
But these characters turn out to be as fallible and morally compromised as most people are in real life. Mrs Linde has betrayed her true love, Krogstad, by marrying another man for money and security, an act which has left her "empty. Inheritance Nineteenth-century breakthroughs in genetic science led to a growing interest in inherited disease and traits.
A Doll's House contains several references to the idea that both physical disease and moral traits are passed down through generations. Torvald, after he reads Krogstad's first letter and rejects Nora, forbids her from bringing up their children as he thinks she will taint them morally.
She herself is already convinced of this and has begun to distance herself from them. Torvald believes that Krogstad's children will be poisoned by their father's moral crimes.