Torah reading - Wikipedia
When Israel had voiced its eagerness to receive the Torah, G‑d spoke to Moses "I am the Lord, your God, Who took you out of the land of Egypt, out of the. Moses utilizes his personal relationship with God to elevate Israel's status many places in the Bible, and to this day is included in Jewish liturgy. this week's Torah reading is one way of attaining knowledge of God, which. Since Jews and Christians both claim to have God's Word, do they basically have the same He revealed His law, the Torah, to the Jewish people (who were known as from Judaism its basic understanding of God, his covenant relationship with His .. About the NIV Bible Translation · Reading Plans · Frequently Asked.
The oleh now repeats the blessing just uttered by the congregation. The oleh will then say: Asher bahar-banu mikal-ha'amim ve'nosan-lanu es-toraso. Baruch atah Adonai, nosayn ha-torah. Blessed are You, O Lord our God, king of all existence, Who chose us from among all nations and who gave us your Torah.
Blessed are You, O Lord, who gives the Torah. The concluding benediction The portion of the Torah is then read. If a more skilled person is doing the recitation, the oleh will follow the reading using the scroll or a printed book in a subdued voice, as will the members of the congregation. When the portion is finished, the oleh then says the concluding benediction: Asher nosan-lanu Toras emes. Baruch ata Adonai, nosayn ha-torah.
Blessed are You, O Lord our God, king of all existence, Who has given us the Torah of the truth, and life everlasting within us. At this point, if the oleh has recently been in danger of death such as serious sickness or surgery or an airplane flight or captivityhe will add the Birkhat HaGomel — a blessing of thanks to God "who has dealt kindly with me".God's Warning To The Jews In The Torah
The officiant may add a benediction for the oleh's good health, and there are some other blessings that may be added depending on the situation. The oleh will kiss the scroll again, and may shake hands with the oleh of the previous portion, who now returns to his seat, and if there is another portion to be read, the oleh steps aside for the next oleh, stands beside the desk while the next oleh reads his portion, shakes his hand and offers felicitation, thanks the officiant and the actual scroll reader for the honor he has received, and then returns to his seat — but slowly, as if reluctant to leave the scroll, and probably will pause on the way to accept the felicitations of various members of the congregation.
Refusing an aliyah is regarded as an insult to the Torah itself. This honor is sometimes given to a child under Bar Mitzvah age. Covenant and Constitution Torah is the one Hebrew word that may provide the best lens into the Jewish tradition. It refers specifically to the five books of the Bible called the Pentateuch, traditionally thought to be penned by the early Hebrew prophet Moses.
More generally, however, Torah applies to all of Jewish sacred literature, learning, and law. It is the Jewish way. As such, all knowledge and wisdom is contained within it. Another classical rabbinic image of the Torah, taken from the Book of Proverbs 3: Others speak of Torah as the expression of the covenant brit given by God to the Jewish people. If it is a weekday, he immediately takes out the Torah.
If it is Shabbathe waits until after the prayer "Brikh shmei" Blessed is the Namea personal prayer in Aramaic asking God to bless the Jewish people. On festivalsa Biblical verse listing the Thirteen Attributes of God and a prayer for personal welfare are inserted before Brikh shemei. The man who removes the Torah scroll hands it to the chazzan and closes the Ark.
The chazzan takes the Torah in his arms and says the phrase beginning "gadlu lahashem iti" Exalt the Lord together with me.
On Shabbat and holidays, he faces the congregation and this is prefaced with the verse of Shema and the verse beginning "echad eloheinu, gadol adonenu" One is our God, great is our Lord. As the congregation responds with verses from Chronicles and Psalms praising God's greatness, the chazzan carries the Torah from the Ark to the bimah.
Often, the synagogue leaders follow the Torah in a procession. The Torah is held with the right hand, resting on the right shoulder. When the Torah is returned to the Ark, the chazzan again holds the Torah and recites a verse from Psalms to which the congregation responds.
Torah: Covenant and Constitution
As the Torah is carried back to the Ark, the congregation recites Psalm 24 on weekdays or 29 on Shabbat. At the words "uvnucho yomar" and when it restedwhoever is putting back the Torah called hakhnasah opens the Ark. He takes the Torah from the chazzan and replaces it in the Ark.
As the Torah is being returned, the congregation recites the continuation of a Biblical passage that is recited when the Torah is taken from the ark and concludes with a passage from Lamentations.
The Torah Blessings and Aliyot The Torah portions are divided into sections, called aliyot literally, "ascent". Originally, two blessings were said during the Torah reading: The first blessing emphasized that God chose Israel to receive his Torah and referred to the giving of the Torah at Sinai. The second blessing referred to the Oral Torah. The Borkhu prayer, which is a call to prayer and an invitation to bless God, preceded the first blessing because it marked the beginning of a new section of the service.
In the post-Talmudic period, when the number of people capable of reading the Torah declined, it became customary for one person to read on behalf of everyone That way, one called for an aliyah only had to recite the blessings, although those capable of reading from the Torah would still do so in a quiet voice along with the reader.
There are certain times that it is traditional for a person to receive an aliyah: One can also request an aliyah for special occasions. It is the custom not to give consecutive aliyot to close relatives. In Orthodox congregations, women do not receive aliyot. In Reform and many Conservative congregations, women do.
The first aliyah is always reserved for a kohen descendent of the priestly tribe that used to serve in the Temple and the second for a Levite descendent of the tribe that used to assist the priests in the Temple. The rest go only to Israelites descendents of any other tribe. If no kohen is present, a Levite or Israelite can be called up with a special phrase of introduction. Reform congregations have abolished this distinction between tribes. On Monday and Thursday mornings, Shabbat and Yom Kippur afternoons, HanukkahPurimand fast day mornings and afternoons, the Torah is divided into three aliyot.
On Rosh Chodesh and chol hamoed the intermediate days of festivalsthere are four aliyot, and on festivals PesachShavuotSukkotand Rosh Hashanahthere are five.
On Yom Kippur morning, there are six, and on Shabbat morning, seven.
Reading the Torah
The number of aliyot was decided by Ezra. It is forbidden to call up fewer than that number and, except for Shabbat and Simchat Torah the last day of Sukkotone can also not add aliyot. On Shabbatsome synagogues increase the number of aliyot, particularly if there is an occasion with many guests in attendance, in order to honor more people.
The procedure of each aliyah is the same. The oleh one who gets an aliyah is called up by his Hebrew name and the name of his father. The reader will point to the word that he is up to. The oleh will touch the margin area closest to that point with his tallit or the Torah mantle and will touch the tallit or mantle lightly to his lips. He should stand directly in front of the scroll with both hands on the handles each is called an eitz hayim projecting from the bottom. With the Torah scroll open, he recites the borkhu and the first Torah blessing.