Commensalism relationship in the tropical rainforest

Commensalism - Laotian Rainforest

commensalism relationship in the tropical rainforest

Symbiotic Relationships in the Tropical Rainforest. SM commensalism; Moths inhabit the sloth's fur; Sloths live high in the canopy away from. In the rainforest, there are many examples of mutualism at work. Monarch butterflies travel in large groups to stay safe. Certain insects such as ants and termites. Symbiosis is when two organisms live in close relationship with each other. An example of commensalism in the tropical rainforest are epiphyte plants, such.

Ants are especially likely to form various symbiotic relationships. For example, the leaf cutter ant has symbiotic relationships with fungi that they grow as food. The leaf cutter ants cut small pieces off leaves in the jungle and take them underground into their tunnels. They create small chambers where they store the leaf cuttings.

commensalism relationship in the tropical rainforest

Fungus grows on the leaves and the ants use bits of the fungus to feed their young. Through the symbiotic relationship, both the fungus and the young ants get fed.

A chocolate tree has a much more complicated series of symbiotic relationships with a variety of other species, providing a complex example of mutualism in the tropical rainforest.

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To ensure pollination, the chocolate tree produces tiny buds that die and rot. These are ideal homes for the midges that it needs to pollinate its flowers. Once the flowers are pollinated, they grow into large, brightly-colored seed pods. The seed pods are filled with a delicious, fleshy pulp and bitter seeds. With these pods, the chocolate tree attracts monkeys and squirrels that eat the pods but spit out the bitter seeds, in another symbiotic relationship.

The chocolate tree relies on this relationship to scatter its seeds so more chocolate trees can grow. A more complex three-way arrangement is the infestation of chocolate trees with mealy bugs.

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The bugs don't harm the chocolate tree but the tree doesn't receive any direct benefit either. The mealy bugs are raised and taken care of by black ants that eat the waste honeydew the mealy bugs produce. In their own symbiotic relationship, the black ants keep other insects away from the mealy bugs, and as a side benefit, keep away other insects that could harm the chocolate tree. The chocolate tree has one more symbiotic relationship down by its roots.

When one of the two organisms involved benefits from the interaction, while the other remains unaffected, it is known as 'commensalism relationship'.

These Symbiotic Relationships in the Rainforest are Truly Remarkable

And lastly, when one organism benefits from the interaction at the cost of the other organism - which is subjected to harm, it is known as 'parasitism relationship'.

Mutualism The relationship between the capuchin monkeys and flowering trees in the tropical rainforests is the best example of mutualism in this biome. When the capuchin monkey feeds on nectar in these flowers by lapping it up, it gets pollen on its face - which it eventually transfers to other flowers in the process of feeding on them. In this way, the trees provide the capuchin species with food, while the capuchin monkey facilitates pollination of flowers of this tree. Commensalism The relationship between ecitoninae - the New World army ants, inhabiting the rainforest floor, and antbirds - small dull-colored South American bird species, is the best example of commensalism.

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These army ants are notorious for their tendency to take on anything that comes in their path while they march the forest floor. The antbirds, on the other hand, follow this swarm of ants, and feed on whatever is left behind after the ants are done with their share. The ants manage to shake the floor as they march, which causes the insects on the forest floor to fly out.

commensalism relationship in the tropical rainforest

These insects are they happily snapped up by the antibirds. In this way, the antbirds benefit from the army ants, but the army ants are not benefited from the antbirds.

Symbiosis: Mutualism, Commensalism, and Parasitism