Mary Cassatt - The Complete Works - Biography - mephistolessiveur.info
To celebrate the closing day of its Degas/Cassatt exhibition, October 5, , the the relationship between American Mary Cassatt (–) and Frenchman other for advice and challenging each other to experiment with materials and. Curator Nancy Mowll Mathews said Cassatt and Degas were the oddest of couples -- a feminist and the misogynist who somehow became. A new exhibit explores the intense relationship between French painter Edgar Degas and American painter Mary Cassatt. No one knows.
At 33, Cassatt was studying painting in Paris. At 43, Degas' work was on view around town. So he really did change her path.
Impressionists With Benefits? The Painting Partnership Of Degas And Cassatt
In At the Theater, Cassatt incorporates metallic paint with gouache and pastel. Collection of Ann and Gordon Getty "He helped her switch from the academic style of painting that she had been trying to learn — which was sort of the standard across Paris — and encouraged her along into the impressionist style, the impressionist brush stroke, the use of color and light.
The subject matter changed. They called themselves "independents" and labored over their work. A year after meeting Degas, Cassatt made a painting that was a real break in her style. Little Girl in a Blue Armchair is full of Degas' influence.
First of all, he brought the girl to Cassatt — she was the child of his friends. In a pretty dress, she sits slumped in a chair, hand behind her head and legs spread apart. She looks bored, exhausted and not at all dainty or proper. Other big blue chairs and a sofa are in the room — "like bumper cars," Jones says. A window in the corner may show Degas' direct influence.
In a letter written long after she made the work, Cassatt told her dealer that Degas came into her studio and worked on the painting with her.
Looking for evidence, National Gallery conservator Ann Hoenigswald used X-rays, infrared imaging and magnification to study a diagonal — unusual in a Cassatt background — that builds across the canvas from that rear corner window. They were these sharp, small, quick strokes that we weren't seeing anywhere else," Hoenigswald says. Degas frequently painted and sketched Cassatt. She was joined by her sister Lydia who shared an apartment with her.
Cassatt opened a studio in Paris. She was blunt in her comments, as reported by Sartain, who wrote: She had quarrels with Sartain, who thought Cassatt too outspoken and self-centered, and eventually they parted.
Out of her distress and self-criticism, Cassatt decided that she needed to move away from genre paintings and onto more fashionable subjects, in order to attract portrait commissions from American socialites abroad, but that attempt bore little fruit at first.
The Impressionists also known as the "Independents" or "Intransigents" had no formal manifesto and varied considerably in subject matter and technique. They tended to prefer plein air painting and the application of vibrant color in separate strokes with little pre-mixing, which allows the eye to merge the results in an "impressionistic" manner.
The Impressionists had been receiving the wrath of the critics for several years. Henry Bacon, a friend of the Cassatts, thought that the Impressionists were so radical that they were "afflicted with some hitherto unknown disease of the eye". Cassatt admired Degas, whose pastels had made a powerful impression on her when she encountered them in an art dealer's window in I saw art then as I wanted to see it.
She felt comfortable with the Impressionists and joined their cause enthusiastically, declaring: She now hoped for commercial success selling paintings to the sophisticated Parisians who preferred the avant-garde.
Her style had gained a new spontaneity during the intervening two years. Previously a studio-bound artist, she had adopted the practice of carrying a sketchbook with her while out-of-doors or at the theater, and recording the scenes she saw. Mary valued their companionship, as neither she nor Lydia had married.
A case was made that Mary suffered from narcissistic disturbance, never completing the recognition of herself as a person outside of the orbit of her mother. Lydia, who was frequently painted by her sister, suffered from recurrent bouts of illness, and her death in left Cassatt temporarily unable to work.Through the Eyes of the Artist: Mary Cassatt
Afraid of having to paint " potboilers " to make ends meet, Cassatt applied herself to produce some quality paintings for the next Impressionist exhibition. Both were highly experimental in their use of materials, trying distemper and metallic paints in many works, such as Woman Standing Holding a Fan, Amon Carter Museum of American Art. Degas also introduced her to etchingof which he was a recognized master. The two worked side-by-side for a while, and her draftsmanship gained considerable strength under his tutelage.
He depicted her in a series of etchings recording their trips to the Louvre. She treasured his friendship but learned not to expect too much from his fickle and temperamental nature after a project they were collaborating on at the time, a proposed journal devoted to prints, was abruptly dropped by him.
Through the efforts of Gustave Caillebottewho organized and underwrote the show, the group made a profit and sold many works, although the criticism continued as harsh as ever. The Revue des Deux Mondes wrote, "M. Cassatt are, nevertheless, the only artists who distinguish themselves Although critics claimed that Cassatt's colors were too bright and that her portraits were too accurate to be flattering to the subjects, her work was not savaged as was Monet 's, whose circumstances were the most desperate of all the Impressionists at that time.
She used her share of the profits to purchase a work by Degas and one by Monet. Her friend Louisine Elder married Harry Havemeyer inand with Cassatt as advisor, the couple began collecting the Impressionists on a grand scale. Cassatt's style then evolved, and she moved away from Impressionism to a simpler, more straightforward approach. She began to exhibit her works in New York galleries as well.
AfterCassatt no longer identified herself with any art movement and experimented with a variety of techniques. Eric de Spoelberch, Haverford, Pennsylvania Cassatt and her contemporaries enjoyed the wave of feminism that occurred in the s, allowing them access to educational institutions at newly coed colleges and universities, such as Oberlin and the University of Michigan.
Likewise, women's colleges such as VassarSmith and Wellesley opened their doors during this time. Cassat was an outspoken advocate for women's equalitycampaigning with her friends for equal travel scholarships for students in the s, and the right to vote in the s.
She is depicted in Reading 'Le Figaro' The exhibition brought her into conflict with her sister-in-law Eugenie Carter Cassattwho was anti-suffrage and who boycotted the show along with Philadelphia society in general.
Cassatt responded by selling off her work that was otherwise destined for her heirs. The degree of intimacy between them cannot be assessed now, as no letters survive, but it is unlikely they were in a relationship given their conservative social backgrounds and strong moral principles.
Impressionists With Benefits? The Painting Partnership Of Degas And Cassatt : NPR
Several of Vincent van Gogh 's letters attest Degas' sexual continence. What we need is the characteristic modern person in his clothes, in the midst of his social surroundings, at home or out in the street. Degas produced two prints, notable for their technical innovation, depicting Cassatt at the Louvre looking at artworks while Lydia reads a guidebook.
These were destined for a prints journal planned by Degas together with Camille Pissarro and otherswhich never came to fruition. Cassatt frequently posed for Degas, notably for his millinery series trying on hats.
Degas owned a small printing press, and by day she worked at his studio using his tools and press while in the evening she made studies for the etching plate the next day.