American and British Strengths and Weaknesses [mephistolessiveur.info]
By the British had solid colonies established along the New England coast At first, trade with the European settlers brought advantages: knives, axes. Since World War II, Britain and the United States have enjoyed extremely close Britain and its ex-colony, and on a smaller scale the close personal relationships and that the relationship has been a positive one for Britain. Despite the supremacy of the British navy in the 18th century, the Colonial naval forces won many battles. This picture depicts the naval engagement of July 7.
Despite the supremacy of the British navy in the 18th century, the Colonial naval forces won many battles. During the previous years, the British had enjoyed triumph after triumph over nations as powerful as France and Spain.
At first glance, the odds were clearly against the Americans. A closer look provides insight into how the underdogs emerged victorious. Britain's military was the best in the world. Their soldiers were well equipped, well disciplined, well paid, and well fed.
The British navy dominated the seas. Funds were much more easily raised by the Empire than by the Continental Congress. Some of those funds were used to hire Hessian mercenaries to fight the Americans. I believe them steady, but their slowness is of the greatest disadvantage in a country almost covered with woods, and against an Enemy whose chief qualification is agility in running from fence to fence and thence keeping up an irregular, but galling fire on troops who advance with the same pace as at their exercise.
Light infantry accustomed to fight from tree to tree, or charge even in woods; and Grenadiers who after the first fire lose no time in loading again, but rush on, trusting entirely to that most decisive of weapons the bayonet, will ever be superior to any troops the Rebels can bring against them. Such are the British, and such the method of fighting which has been attended with constant success Hale, letter to unknown recipient March 23, The Americans had tremendous difficulty raising enough funds to purchase basic supplies for their troops, including shoes and blankets.
BBC - History - British History in depth: Symbiosis: Trade and the British Empire
The British had a winning tradition. Around one in five Americans openly favored the Crown, with about half of the population hoping to avoid the conflict altogether. Most Indian tribes sided with Britain, who promised protection of tribal lands.
American Strengths and British Weaknesses Although American troops may not have had the military force and economic base that their British rivals had, they did believe strongly in their fight for freedom and liberty. On the other hand, the Americans had many intangible advantages. The British fought a war far from home.
Military orders, troops, and supplies sometimes took months to reach their destinations. The British had an extremely difficult objective.
Symbiosis: Trade and the British Empire
They had to persuade the Americans to give up their claims of independence. Freedom from oppression caused by the caprice or greed of despotic rulers, and from devastation by war.
Equal justice between man and man sometimes vitiated by partiality to Europeans. Services of highly educated administrators, who have achieved the above-mentioned results.
Loans for railways and irrigation. Development of a few valuable products, such as indigo, tea, coffee, silk, etc. A slowly growing desire of late to treat India equitably, and as a country held in trust. No nation on the face of the earth has ever had the opportunity of achieving such a glorious work as this. I hope in the credit side of the account I have done no injustice, and if I have omitted any item which anyone may think of importance, I shall have the greatest pleasure in inserting it.
I appreciate, and so do my countrymen, what England has done for India, and I know that it is only in British hands that her regeneration can be accomplished. Now for the debit side. The Detriments of British Rule: Everything, therefore, is in your favor under this heading.
As I have said already, there has been a failure to do as much as might have been done, but I put nothing to the debit. Much has been done, though. Repeated breach of pledges to give the natives a fair and reasonable share in the higher administration of their own country, which has much shaken confidence in the good faith of the British word. Political aspirations and the legitimate claim to have a reasonable voice in the legislation and the imposition and disbursement of taxes, met to a very slight degree, thus treating the natives of India not as British subjects, in whom representation is a birthright.
Consequent on the above, an utter disregard of the feelings and views of the natives. The great moral evil of the drain of wisdom and practical administration, leaving none to guide the rising generation. All attention is engrossed in devising new modes of taxation, without any adequate effort to increase the means of the people to pay; and the consequent vexation and oppressiveness of the taxes imposed, imperial and local.
Inequitable financial relations between England and India, i. The political drain, up to this time, from India to England, of above ,, at the lowest computation, in principal alone, which with interest would be some thousands of millions. The further continuation of this drain at the rate, at present, of above ,12, per annum, with a tendency to increase.
The consequent continuous impoverishment and exhaustion of the country, except so far as it has been very partially relieved and replenished by the railway and irrigation loans, and the windfall of the consequences of the American war, since Even with this relief, the material condition of India is such that the great mass of the poor have hardly tuppence a day and a few rags, or a scanty subsistence. The famines that were in their power to prevent, if they had done their duty, as a good and intelligent government.
The policy adopted during the last fifteen years of building railways, irrigation works, etc. An increase of exports without adequate compensation; loss of manufacturing industry and skill. Here I end the debit side.